Unformatted text preview: impairments
caused by amputation, arthritis, spastic conditions or pulmonary, cardiac or other
ills rendering individuals semi-ambulatory; or 1.1.3 Total or partial impairments of hearing or sight causing insecurity or likelihood of
exposure to dnager in public places; or
1.1.4 Impairments due to conditions of aging and incoordination; 1.1.5 Mental impariments whether acquired or congenital in nature.
1.2 ANTHROPOMETICS AND DIMENSIONAL DATA AS GUIDES FOR DESIGN. The
minimum and maximum dimensions for spaces in the built environment should consider
the following criteria:
1.2.1 The varying sizes and statures of persons of both sexes, their reaches and their
lines of sight at both the standing and sitting positions.
These hold for both disabled and non-disabled persons. For purposes of catering
to most people, measures to be used are to refer to average-sized persons
according to current international literature. 1.2.2 The dimensional data of the technical aids of disabled persons.
Included in the second consideration are the dimensions of wheelchairs; the
minimum space needed for locking and unlocking leg braces plus the range of
distance of crutches and other walking aids from persons using such devices.
By applying at this very early stage dimensional criteria which take into account
wheelchair usage, the physical environment will ultimately encourage and enable
wheelchair users to make full use of their physical surroundings. 1.2.3 The provision of adequate space for wheelchair maneuvering generally insures
adequate space for disabled persons equipped with other technical aids or
accompanied by assistants.
In determining the minimum dimensions for furniture and fixtures accessible to
disabled persons, the following anthropometric data shall serve as guides for
The length of wheelchairs varies from 1.10 m to 1.30 m. The width of
wheelchairs is from 0.60 m to 0.75 m. A cricle of 1.50 m in diameter is a suitable
guide in the planning of wheelchair turning spaces.
The comfortable reach of persons confined to wheelchairs is from 0.70 m to 1.20
m above the floor and not less than 0.40 m from room corners. the comfortable
clearnace for knee and leg space under tables for wheelchair users is 0.74 m.
Counter heights shall be placed at a level comfortable to disabled persons' reach.
Refer to Annex B - 2 to B - 6, figs. 2 to 8. 1.3 BASIC PHYSICAL PLANNING REQUIREMENTS. No group of people shall be
deprived of full participation and enjoyment of the environment or be made unequal with
the rest due to any disability. In order to achieve this goal adopted by the United Nations,
certain basic principles shall be applied: 1.3.1 ACCESSIBILITY. The built environment shall be designed so that it shall be
accessible to all people. This means that no criteria shall impede the use of
facilities by either the handicapped or non-disabled citizens. 1.3.2 REACHABILITY. Provisions shall be adapted and introduced to the physical
environment so that as many places or buildings as possible...
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This note was uploaded on 09/22/2013 for the course ARIDBE AR taught by Professor Any during the Fall '12 term at Mapúa Institute of Technology.
- Fall '12