Statesandsentences namethedwarfs

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Unformatted text preview: Grouchy Gabby Fearful Sleepy Smiley Jumpy Hopeful Shy Droopy Dopey Sniffy Wishful Puffy DumpySneezy Pop Grumpy Bashful Cheerful Teach Shorty Nifty Happy Wheezy Doc Stubby Lazy Implicit Memory Test Implicit Memory Test Another Memory Topic: Types of Memory Sensory input Attention to important or novel information Encoding External events Sensory memory Short-term memory Encoding Long-term memory Retrieving Temporal Memory Stages Sensory Memory Sensory Memory ► Proposed first temporal category of memory ► Capacity is thought to be infinite (or at least really large) ► Is thought to involve not only vision, but all of our senses ► Most of this information is said to only last in our memory for a fraction of a second ► After this fraction of a second, you attend to/remember only the information deemed relevant Sperling’s Sensory Memory Experiment Sperling’s Sensory Memory Experiment Lets test whether or not sensory Lets test whether or not sensory memory exists… F A U B M V X E W Q H K A X Z D T B M F O Y R G P S Q E N H W L B C I U K H V W G R N U P X Z M S O W A D R P N M Q E I Short­Term Memory (aka Working Memory) Short­Term Memory (aka Working Memory) ► Said to have a capacity of 7 + or – 2 items Nonsense syllables example Baddeley’s added theory ► Contains information that we deemed relevant (at least for the time being) ► Information can be stored in this stage of memory from anywhere between 10 seconds to a few days ► After that, most researchers propose that memories stored are either a) forgotten (information not regarded as important/worth saving), or b) placed in our long­term memory store Long­Term Memory Long­Term Memory ► A collection of information from STM that we feel is important and had the ability and time to store ► Information in this part of our memory can be very complex, but it is also very susceptible to distortions and complete fabrications ► There is debate as to whether or not we actually ever forget information once it’s stored on long term memory Argument for proper cues being capable of tapping into long term memories that we think are forgotten Argument for memories being overwritten by other information that is deemed more important An Extra Breakdown of LTM Memory Types Memories Explicit (declarative) With conscious recall Facts-general knowledge (“semantic memory”) Personally experienced events (“episodic memory”) Implicit (nondeclarative) Without conscious recall Skills-motor and cognitive Dispositionsclassical and operant conditioning effects Moving on… Moving on… ► In the next class, we’ll be examining how our memory might go awry, how we can improve our memories, and how we can use our understanding of memory to predict behavior. ► See you then....
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