Chap05shape and form

522 color brightly colored objects seem closer to you

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Unformatted text preview: pheric perspective. The air around us is not empty. It is full of moisture and dust that create a haze. The more air there is between you and an object, the more the object seems to fade. Have you ever noticed that trees close to you seem to be a much brighter green than trees farther down the road? FIGURE 5.22 Placement. FIGURE 5.24 Color. 114 CHAPTER 5 Shape, Form, and Space FIGURE 5.25 In this drawing the lines gradually come together and meet at one point in the distance. This is one-point linear perspective. FIGURE 5.26 In this drawing the lines come together and meet at two points. This is two-point linear perspective. Converging Lines. Linear perspective is one way of using lines to show distance and depth. As parallel lines move away from you, they seem to move closer together toward the horizon line (Figure 5.25). When you look at the highway ahead of you, the sides of the road appear to move closer together. You don’t worry, though, because you know this is an illusion. The sides of the road ahead of you are actually just as far apart as they are in your present position. Sometimes lines appear to meet at a point on the horizon line called the vanishing point. In two-point linear perspective, different sets of parallel lines meet at different vanishing points (Figure 5.26). Because two-point perspective creates more diagonal lines in a painting, Creating Depth Creating Visual Solutions Using Imagination. Create three different designs on three separate sheets of paper. Each design should contain five imaginary shapes. Use the same five shapes in each design as follows: Draw all of the items as close to the foreground as possible. Draw one item close to the foreground and make the others look as if they are slightly farther back. Draw one item close to the foreground, one far in the background, and the other three in the middle ground. Computer Option. Use the Brush or Pencil tool to draw a landscape that includes a foreground, middle ground, and background. Draw several medium size trees in the middle ground. Draw at least one large tree in the foreground. This tree should touch two or three edges of the paper and overlap the smaller trees. It should display the most detail. Add other objects and details that might include plants, animals, water, and objects made by hand. Remember the methods for creating the illusion of depth that were discussed earlier in the chapter. LESSON 4 How Artists Create Shapes and Forms in Space 115 it seems more active. Renaissance artists used strict mathematical formulas to calculate perspective. Most of today’s artists rely on visual perception rather than mathematical formulas. Notice the ways in which Doris Lee has used perspective to show depth in her busy kitchen scene (Figure 5.27). G OOKIN Y L L CLOSE 1. How are shapes and forms classified? 2. What effect does chiaroscuro create in artworks? 3. List and describe three techniques artists use to give their works perspective. Identifying Perspective T...
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