Unformatted text preview: depth. Each eye sees an object from a slightly different
angle. The brain merges these two separate and slightly different views into
one, creating a three-dimensional image.
To see how this works try the following experiment. Close your right eye.
Point to a specific spot in the room. Without moving your pointing finger, open
your right eye and close your left
eye. It will appear that you have
Point of View
moved your finger, even though
you know you have not.
Creating Visual Solutions Using
Direct Observation. Look through
magazines for three or more different
views of one type of object. Look for TV
The shapes and forms you see
sets, sofas, spoons, toasters, cars, or
depend on your point of view.
shoes. Cut out the objects and mount
Point of view is the angle from
each one on a sheet of white paper.
which the viewer sees an object.
Observe and emphasize the changes in
Another viewer at another locashape by drawing around each outline
tion will see the same shape or
with a crayon or marker.
form differently. For example, a
person looking down on a circle
Computer Option. Divide the page into
drawn on the sidewalk sees a
three equal sections. Use the Grids and
round shape. If that person lies
Rulers menu to guide you if available.
on the ground beside the circle
Choose an interesting but simple object
and looks at it, the circle will
such as a cup, a screw, pliers, a book, or a
appear to have an oblong shape.
paint container. Observe and draw three
A person looking at the front end
views of the same object using the Pencil,
of a car will see a form different
small Brush, Crayon, or Marker tool. After
from the one seen by a person
drawing the contour or outer edges of
looking at the side of that same
the object, add shading to emphasize the
car. Figure 5.14 shows three
form and surface from different views.
different views of a sculpture. Point of View 108 CHAPTER 5 Shape, Form, and Space FIGURE 5.14 Notice how the
feeling expressed by this sculpture
changes as your point of view
changes. You must view the sculpture
from all angles to truly understand it.
Michael Naranjo. Spirits Soaring. 1985.
Bronze. Height 50.8 cm (20 ). Private
collection. Experiments in Point of View
You can learn about point of view by
doing the following experiments. Place
your hand flat on the desk and spread
your fingers apart. The shape and form
you see are the shape and form you
would probably draw. They are part of
the mental image you have of the object
“hand.” Now lift your hand and let your
fingers relax. Notice how the shape and
form of your hand change. Turn your
hand and watch what happens. Your
hand is still the same hand. Only its
shape and form are different. Next, look at a rectangular table.
What shape does the top have when
you are sitting at the table? Look at the
top through a rectangular viewing
frame. Are the edges of the table parallel
to the edges of the frame? You know the
top is a rectangle, but does it really look
rectangular now? What shape d...
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- Fall '13