Chap05shape and form

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Unformatted text preview: inal title. Open the original line design. Apply the same color scheme but explore the tools and menus, which create active flowing edges. Use the Save As command to retitle the active composition. Check Your Understanding 1. 2. 3. 4. What do angular shapes suggest? What do geometric shapes suggest? Define density. List one example each of an open shape or form and a closed shape or form. FIGURE 5.34 The strong horizontal shape of the orange wheat at the base of the work creates a calm, stable effect. Jane Wilson. Winter Wheat. 1991. Oil on linen. 101.6 Collection. 127 cm (40 50 ). Photo courtesy of DC Moore Gallery, New York, New York. Private LESSON 5 What Different Shapes, Forms, and Spaces Express 121 STUDIO PROJECT 5–1 Free-Form Clay Sculpture Historical and Cultural Context FIGURE 5.35 Henry Moore. Dallas Piece. Bronze. Located in the plaza of the new City Hall, Dallas, Texas. SUPPLIES The twentieth-century British sculptor Henry Moore created works in stone, bronze, and marble. Most of these creations were abstractions of the human figure. Moore did not design outdoor sculptures for specific sites. The original bronze casting shown in Figure 5.35 consisted of three separate pieces. The present grouping was suggested by I. M. Pei, a Chinese-born American architect, who was commissioned to build a new city hall for Dallas. Pei liked this work but asked Moore to arrange the sculpture so that people could walk through it. Moore designed the pyramidal arrangement you see. Notice the careful balance between solid mass and an almost airy visual flow. Does your eye move in and around the smooth planes of the sculpture without interruption? Cotton cloth Plastic bag Clay rolling pin, dowel, heavy spoon Turntable Assorted clay tools Soft cloth Watercolor 122 CHAPTER 5 Shape, Form, and Space What You Will Learn Using your imagination, you will create a nonobjective, free-form sculpture in clay. You will use the subtractive method of carving to demonstrate the effective use of media and tools in sculpture. Your work should have smooth planes with well-defined edges. The goal is to create visual flow, as in Figure 5.35. Decorate some small areas of emphasis in your work by carving small forms or creating textures. The completed sculpture must be freestanding and pleasing from all angles. Creating If you have not worked in clay before, take time to explore the properties of the medium. Clay must be wedged—or thumped on a surface— before use. Doing this removes any air bubbles. Keep the clay moist by covering it with a slightly damp cloth. Seal it in a plastic bag when not in use. Step 1 Wedge seven to eight pounds of clay. Step 2 Beat and shape the clay with various tools, such as a rolling pin, a two-inch dowel, or a large heavy spoon. Keep the form vertical rather than horizontal so you will have a standing sculpture. Step 3 Place the resulting form on a turntable. Study it from all directions. Let the existing form of the clay guide you. Look for linear edg...
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