Chap05shape and form

The edges of the frame you know the top is a

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Unformatted text preview: oes the top seem to take if you are sitting across the room from it? What would the shape look like if you viewed it from the top of a tall ladder? Do you think the shape you see will change if you lie on the floor directly under the table? LESSON 3 How We Perceive Shape, Form, and Space 109 FIGURE 5.15 Grandma Moses is the professional name of Anna Mary Robertson Moses. She began to paint rural scenes from her memories in the 1970s. This painting depicts the many different aspects of making maple sugar. What point of view is she using? What effect does this point of view create for the viewer? Grandma Moses. Sugaring Off. 1955. 50.8 x 63.5 cm (20 x 25 ). © 1955 (renewed 1983) Grandma Moses Properties Company, New York, New York. When you looked at your hand, your eyes stayed in the same place, but your hand moved. When you studied the table, it remained in one place, but you moved. In both cases, what you saw changed because your relationship to the object changed. Your point of view depends on where you are and where the object is. Look at Figure 5.15. Where is the artist’s point of view in relation to the people in that picture? 110 CHAPTER 5 Shape, Form, and Space Check Your Understanding 1. What three dimensions are we able to see? 2. Define point of view. 3. Why may people who are looking at the same object see different shapes and forms? LESSON 4 How Artists Create Shapes and Forms in Space Vocabulary S chiaroscuro highlights perspective hapes and forms can be classified as natural or manufactured. Natural shapes and forms are made by the forces of nature. For instance, animals, plants, and stones are natural forms. Manufactured forms are those created by people, whether mass-produced by the thousands in factories or made by hand. Artists use many materials and techniques to make shapes. They concentrate on both outline and area. Some artists outline shapes in drawings and paintings. Others may paint shapes by placing brushstrokes together without using even a beginning outline. Some may cut shapes and print shapes and some may pour paint to create shapes (Figure 5.16). Like shapes, three-dimensional forms can be made in many ways. Artists model clay forms, mold metal forms, and carve forms from wood or stone. They use glass, plastic, bricks, and cement to create forms as well as shapes. The Illusion of Form Artists can create the illusion of three-dimensional form on a surface that is two-dimensional. They can give the impression of depth and solidity by using changes in value. Figure 5.17 is an example of this illusion. FIGURE 5.17 Artemisia Gentileschi was a Baroque artist who used the arrangement of contrasting light and dark to create a dramatic effect in her work. Notice how the light seems to be coming from a single candle. FIGURE 5.16 Frankenthaler is an action painter who creates shapes by pouring thinned acrylic paint onto a canvas that is placed flat on the floor. Artemisia Gentileschi. Judith and Maidservant with the Head of Holo...
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