Chap05shape and form

The vase between the profiles becomes the figure and

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Unformatted text preview: vase becomes the ground. Jasper Johns. Cups 4 Picasso. 1972. 321⁄4 ). Lithograph. 57.2 82 cm (221⁄2 Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York. Gift of Celeste Bartos. © Jasper Johns/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY. LESSON 2 Space 103 The shape and size of negative spaces affect the way you interpret positive spaces. Large negative spaces around positive spaces may express loneliness or freedom. When the positive spaces are crowded together, you may feel tension or togetherness (Figure 5.9). The full meaning of a work depends on the interaction between the positive and negative spaces. It is not always easy to tell which are the positive spaces and which are the negative spaces in twodimensional art. Sometimes it is difficult to identify the negative space. This is because some artists give equal emphasis to both the figure and the ground. Sometimes artists even try to confuse the viewer. They create positive and negative spaces that reverse themselves while you are looking at them. These visual puzzles fascinate some viewers (Figure 5.10). FIGURE 5.9 In this sculpture, Brancusi uses the lack of space between the two figures to symbolize the concept of the togetherness, the unity, of a couple in love. Compare and contrast the ways these forms are balanced with the artwork in Figure 5.6 on page 101. Constantin Brancusi. The Kiss. c. 1908. Stone. Height 50.2 cm (19 3 4 ). Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France. © 2003 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris. Experimenting with Space Creating Visual Solutions Using Direct Observation. Select a group of objects to draw from direct observation. Make an arrangement with a variety of negative spaces between the shapes. Draw the arrangement lightly with pencil or chalk. Finish the work by (a) coloring only the negative spaces with crayons or paint, or (b) filling the negative spaces with closely drawn sets of parallel lines. Leave the positive spaces empty. What shapes did the negative spaces take? 104 CHAPTER 5 Shape, Form, and Space Computer Option. Use the Rectangle shape tool to draw a solid rectangle approximately 3" x 4" in the center of the screen. Explore the different shapes of Selection tools to select and move parts of the rectangle away from the original shape. Continue selecting and moving until the rectangle has been broken into many smaller parts with varying spaces in between. Save and title your work when you have created an interesting composition by adding space within the form. MEET THE ARTIST M. C. ESCHER Born in Leeuwarden, Holland, M. C. Escher (esh-ur) studied graphic art at Harlem’s School of Architecture and Ornamental Design. He concentrated on illustrating his eccentric inner visions and his fascination with the laws of nature. In his lithographs, he explored a variety of visual jokes and trickery, such as optical illusions and distorted or impossible perspective. Escher’s works achieve their visual puzzles through his cleve...
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