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Unformatted text preview: vase becomes the ground.
Jasper Johns. Cups 4 Picasso. 1972.
82 cm (221⁄2
Museum of Modern Art, New York, New
York. Gift of Celeste Bartos. © Jasper
Johns/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY. LESSON 2 Space 103 The shape and size of negative spaces
affect the way you interpret positive
spaces. Large negative spaces around
positive spaces may express loneliness
or freedom. When the positive spaces
are crowded together, you may feel tension or togetherness (Figure 5.9). The
full meaning of a work depends on the
interaction between the positive and
negative spaces. It is not always easy to
tell which are the positive spaces and
which are the negative spaces in twodimensional art. Sometimes it is difficult
to identify the negative space. This is
because some artists give equal emphasis to both the figure and the ground.
Sometimes artists even try to confuse
the viewer. They create positive and
negative spaces that reverse themselves
while you are looking at them. These
visual puzzles fascinate some viewers
(Figure 5.10). FIGURE 5.9 In this sculpture, Brancusi uses the lack of
space between the two figures to symbolize the concept of the
togetherness, the unity, of a couple in love. Compare and
contrast the ways these forms are balanced with the artwork in
Figure 5.6 on page 101.
Constantin Brancusi. The Kiss. c. 1908. Stone. Height 50.2 cm (19 3 4 ).
Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France.
© 2003 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris. Experimenting
Creating Visual Solutions Using
Direct Observation. Select a group of
objects to draw from direct observation.
Make an arrangement with a variety of
negative spaces between the shapes. Draw
the arrangement lightly with pencil or
chalk. Finish the work by (a) coloring only
the negative spaces with crayons or paint,
or (b) filling the negative spaces with
closely drawn sets of parallel lines. Leave
the positive spaces empty. What shapes
did the negative spaces take? 104 CHAPTER 5 Shape, Form, and Space Computer Option. Use the Rectangle
shape tool to draw a solid rectangle
approximately 3" x 4" in the center of the
screen. Explore the different shapes of
Selection tools to select and move parts of
the rectangle away from the original shape.
Continue selecting and moving until the
rectangle has been broken into many
smaller parts with varying spaces in
between. Save and title your work when
you have created an interesting composition by adding space within the form. MEET THE ARTIST
ESCHER Born in Leeuwarden, Holland, M. C. Escher (esh-ur) studied graphic art at
Harlem’s School of Architecture and Ornamental Design. He concentrated on
illustrating his eccentric inner visions and his fascination with the laws of
nature. In his lithographs, he explored a variety of visual jokes and trickery,
such as optical illusions and distorted or impossible perspective.
Escher’s works achieve their visual puzzles through his cleve...
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- Fall '13