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and three-dimensional forms? Geometric and
Demonstrating Effective Use of Art
Media in Design. Using the printed
areas of a newspaper, make two cut-paper
designs. Make one design by measuring
and cutting precise geometric shapes.
Make the second design by tearing freeform shapes. Arrange the shapes and glue
them on a sheet of black construction
paper. Use a white crayon to print the
words free-form and geometric on the
appropriate design. Try to make the letters for geometric look geometric, and the
letters for free-form look free-form. 100 CHAPTER 5 Shape, Form, and Space Computer Option. Use the Shape or
Straight Line tools to draw four different
geometric shapes. Do not overlap the
shapes and space them apart so they can
easily be selected and arranged later.
Choose a color scheme and make each
shape a solid color. Pick the Selection tool
and then the Copy and Paste menu to
repeat each of the shapes several times on
the page. When the page is nearly full,
choose a Brush or Pencil tool to draw
free-form shapes in between the geometric
shapes. Select the Bucket tool to fill these
shapes with pattern. Forms
Although the words shape and form
are often used interchangeably in everyday language, they have different
meanings in the language of art. Forms
are objects having three dimensions. Like
shapes, they have both length and
width, but forms also have depth. You
are a three-dimensional form; so is a
tree or a table.
Two-dimensional shapes and threedimensional forms are related (Figure
5.5). The end of a cylinder is a circle. One side of a cube is a square. A triangle
can “grow” into a cone or a pyramid.
Like shapes, forms may be either
geometric (Figure 5.6) or free-form (Figure 5.7 on page 102). Geometric forms
are used in construction, for organization, and as parts in machines. Look
around you. What forms were used to
build your school, your church, your
home? Look under the hood of a car.
What forms were used to build the
motor? Did you know that common table FIGURE 5.6 The inspiration for this work came from Smith’s studies of geometric crystalline forms in the early
1960s. The title, a pun on the insect it resembles, is based on the mythical beast of the same name in James Joyce’s
Finnegan’s Wake. This is one of Smith’s most complex sculptures. It took him eight years to see it to completion. The
six separately constructed, geometric steel units were assembled on the museum’s lawn in 1972.
Tony Smith, Gracehopper. 1971. Welded steel and paint. Height: 7 m (23 ). The Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, Michigan. Founders
Society Purchase with other funds. LESSON 1 Shapes and Forms 101 FIGURE 5.7 An Inuit artist carved this free-form, organic sculpture of a polar bear from memories
of personal experiences observing and hunting polar bears. Compare and contrast the forms of this
sculpture from Inuit culture to the forms of Tony Smith’s minimalist sculpture in Figure 5.6.
Ashevak Adla. Walking Bear. Serpentin...
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- Fall '13