Men were marrying the women they got pregnant one

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Unformatted text preview: d in people marrying earlier and for love. Low wages, inequality, and changing economic and social conditions made it difficult for women to acquire a marriage based on romance. The Industrial Revolution The The man emerged as the family's primary wage earner, while the woman found only limited job opportunities. Married women were much less likely to work outside the house after the first child arrived. Women were confined to low paying, dead-end jobs. The The th 19 Century "Romantic love" had triumphed over economic considerations in the working class by 1850. After 1850, illegitimacy decreased, indicating the growing morality and stability of the working class. The pre-industrial pattern of women working outside the home disappeared, except for working-class women. Women became fulltime mothers and homemakers, not wage earners. Women were excluded from good jobs; the law placed women in an inferior position. A wife in England had no legal identity and no right to own property. In France, the Napoleonic Code gave women few legal rights. The 19th Century (Cont) The Women struggled for rights. Middle class feminists campaigned for equal legal rights, equal education, access to the professions, and work for women. These women scored some victories, but still in Germany in 1900 women were kept out of universities and the professions. Sot women called for the liberation of working-class women through revolution. The home increased in emotional importance in all social classes; it symbolized shelter from the harsh working world. Strong emotional bonds between mothers and children and between wives and husbands developed. The The th 19 Century (Cont) Child rearing The indifference of mothers toward their children came to an end--as mothers developed deep emotional ties with their children. The birthrate declined, so each child became more important and could receive more advantages. The main reason for the reduction in family size was the parents' desire to improve the family's economic and social position. Children were no longer seen as an economic asset. World War I World The social impact Labor shortages brought about benefits for organized labor. The role of women changed dramatically as many women entered the labor force. Unions and sots became partners in government. Some European women gained the right to vote after the war. Women displayed a growing spirit of independence. War brought about greater social equality. The The th 20 Century Emancipation of women Women married earlier and bore their children quickly; a baby-boom occurred in the 1950s but in the 1960s the birth rate declined--reaching a nogrowth level by the mid-1970s. Therefore, most women had smaller families After World War II almost all women had to go outside the home to find cash income--this helped by an economic boom of 1950-1973....
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