Unformatted text preview: d in people
marrying earlier and for love. Low wages, inequality, and changing economic
and social conditions made it difficult for women
to acquire a marriage based on romance. The Industrial Revolution
The The man emerged as the family's primary
wage earner, while the woman found only
limited job opportunities. Married women were much less likely to
work outside the house after the first child
arrived. Women were confined to low paying,
dead-end jobs. The
19 Century "Romantic love" had triumphed over economic
considerations in the working class by 1850.
After 1850, illegitimacy decreased, indicating the growing
morality and stability of the working class.
The pre-industrial pattern of women working outside the
home disappeared, except for working-class women.
Women became fulltime mothers and homemakers, not
Women were excluded from good jobs; the law placed
women in an inferior position. A wife in England had no legal identity and no right to own property.
In France, the Napoleonic Code gave women few legal rights. The 19th Century (Cont)
The Women struggled for rights. Middle class feminists campaigned for equal legal rights,
equal education, access to the professions, and work for
women. These women scored some victories, but still in Germany
in 1900 women were kept out of universities and the
professions. Sot women called for the liberation of working-class
women through revolution. The home increased in emotional importance in all social
classes; it symbolized shelter from the harsh working world. Strong emotional bonds between mothers and children and
between wives and husbands developed. The
19 Century (Cont) Child rearing The indifference of mothers toward their children came to
an end--as mothers developed deep emotional ties with
their children. The birthrate declined, so each child became more
important and could receive more advantages. The main reason for the reduction in family size was the parents'
desire to improve the family's economic and social position. Children were no longer seen as an economic asset. World War I
World The social impact Labor shortages brought about benefits for
organized labor. The role of women changed dramatically as
many women entered the labor force. Unions and sots became partners in
government. Some European women gained the right to vote after
Women displayed a growing spirit of independence. War brought about greater social equality. The
20 Century Emancipation of women Women married earlier and bore their children
quickly; a baby-boom occurred in the 1950s but in
the 1960s the birth rate declined--reaching a nogrowth level by the mid-1970s. Therefore, most women had smaller families After World War II almost all women had to go
outside the home to find cash income--this helped
by an economic boom of 1950-1973....
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- Fall '13