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Unformatted text preview: of God.
Learning to live as Jesus wants us to will require training. The way that we make good and holy choices is
through the exercise of virtue. A virtue is a good moral habit. We develop the Cardinal Virtues (moral
virtues) of prudence, justice, fortitude and temperance through education, deliberate acts and perseverance in
struggle. These efforts are purified and elevated by God’s grace (CCC 1810).
Discovering our true good and choosing the right means of achieving it
(Simplified definition) making a right judgment
Giving the proper due to God and neighbor
Fortitude/Courage: Firmness in the pursuit of good
The courage to do what is right
Moderating the attraction of the pleasures of the senses that provides balance in the
use of created goods, acting with self discipline or self control (CCC 1803-1809).
Example: The virtue of justice is exercised when children are fair in sharing their toys.
The virtue of temperance is exercised when children take one cookie instead of five. August 6th, 2005
Transfiguration of our Lord Diocese of La Crosse Page 3 of 28 Grade 4
The teacher of the Faith can help the children to choose to be good out of love for God by loving and
respecting others. This will require that children be helped to develop the virtues so as to become habits in
order to guide their conduct (CCC 1805-1809). According to the Truth and Meaning of Human Sexuality,
Guidelines for Education within the Family (hereafter TM), from the age of innocence until the time of
puberty, children are to be trained in friendship skills and virtuous living. Developing the virtue of temperance
involves formation in self-discipline and self-control.
The virtue of temperance is the foundation of the virtue of chastity, which allows us to overcome the
temptation to look upon or use another person as an object for pleasure and sexual satisfaction rather than a
person to be loved. Therefore, the virtue of chastity also needs to be developed.
The document notes that for children in the years of innocence, “this period of tranquility and serenity must
never be disturbed by unnecessary information about sex” (TM #78). Chastity is training in the “gift of the
person” (CCC 2346). “Chastity is not to be understood as a repressive attitude. On the contrary, chastity
should be understood rather as the purity and temporary stewardship of a precious and rich gift of love, in view
of the self-giving realized in each person’s specific vocation…Chastity means the successful integration of
sexuality within the person and thus the inner unity of man in his bodily and spiritual being”(TM #4). The
integration of sexuality means self-mastery, in controlling desires and submitting them to love and respect as
ordered to the gift of self. “The virtue of chastity blossoms in friendship” (CCC 2347).
“As in the first years of life also during childhood, parents [and teachers] should encourage a spirit of
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