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Unformatted text preview: John 20: 22-23
Power to forgive sins
1. 2. August 6th, 2009 Sin is primarily turning away from God, an offense against God, that damages our
relationship with Him, and at the same time, damages the Church and our relationship
with others (CCC 1440, 1849-1852, 1443-1445; 2 Cor 5: 18-21) 3. Transfiguration of our Lord The spiritual effects of the Sacrament of Penance are:
• reconciliation with God by the which the penitent recovers grace
• reconciliation with the Church
• remission of the eternal punishment incurred by mortal sins
• remission, at least in part, of temporal punishments resulting from sin
• peace and serenity of conscience, and spiritual consolation
• an increase of spiritual strength for the Christian battle.
(CCC 1496) There is mortal (deadly) and venial sin. Mortal sin is a serious disobedience to God’s
laws of love that destroys the Divine Life of God in the soul, resulting in the loss of
sanctifying grace. It results in the loss of charity and constitutes a break in our
relationship with God. For a sin to be mortal, three conditions must be present: serious Diocese of La Crosse Page 17 of 38 Grade 8
matter, full knowledge of the evil act, and full consent of the will. Mortal sin completely
separates us from God. Venial sin is breaking a commandment in a less serious matter
that wounds our relationship with Him. (CCC 1855, 1857, 1855-1864, 1455-1458).
4. The guaranteed way to be reconciled with God after committing a mortal sin is the
Sacrament of Reconciliation. Jesus instituted the Sacrament of Penance on Easter
Sunday night. When we are sorry and seek forgiveness through the Sacrament of
Reconciliation, God forgives us. Contrition is sorrow for sin and a firm commitment not
to sin again. (John 20: 21-23; CCC 1441, 1496-1497, 1451, 1456) 5. A priest can never reveal what is heard in confession. There is no exception. This is
called the sacramental seal of Confession. (CCC 1467) 6. Five steps to make a good confession: (CCC 1491-94)
1) Pray to the Holy Spirit to help me know my sins (examination of conscience) (CCC
2) Pray for the grace to be sorry for my sins (CCC 1448, 1451)
3) Make up my mind not to sin again (contrition) (CCC 1448, 1451)
Contrition involves sorrow for sin and firm purpose to change.
4) Go to confession
a) Make the Sign of the Cross.
b) Tell my sins to the priest. (Each mortal sin must be confessed - trying
to remember the number of times the sin was committed).
(CCC 1448, 1456, 1495)
c) Listen to the guidance of the priest to help me break sinful habits.
d) Pray the Act of Contrition (with true sorrow and a firm purpose to
e) Prayerfully listen to the words of absolution:
God, the Father of mercies, through the death and the resurrection of
His Son has reconciled the world to Himself and sent the Holy Spirit
among us for the forgiveness of sins; through the ministry of the
Church may God grant you pardon and peace, and I absolve you from
your sins in the name of the Father,...
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- Fall '13