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art movement1 - BAROQUE KEY DATES 1600s Baroque Art emerged...

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  BAROQUE KEY DATES: 1600s Baroque Art emerged in Europe around 1600, as an reaction against the intricate and  formulaic Mannerist style which dominated the Late Renaissance. Baroque Art is less  complex, more realistic and more emotionally affecting than Mannerism. This movement was encouraged by the Catholic Church, the most important patron of the  arts at that time, as a return to tradition and spirituality. One of the great periods of art history, Baroque Art was developed by Caravaggio, Annibale  Carracci, and Gianlorenzo Bernini, among others. This was also the age of Rubens,  Rembrandt, Vel á zquez, and Vermeer. In the 18th century, Baroque Art was replaced by the more elegant and elaborate Rococo  style.  REPRESENTATIVE ARTISTS: Caravaggio Annibale Carracci Gianlorenzo Bernini Rubens Rembrandt Nicolas Poussin Vel á zquez Vermeer ROCOCO KEY  DATES: 1700s Throughout the 18th century in France, a new wealthy and  influential middle-class was beginning to rise, even though the royalty and nobility continued to be  patrons of the arts. Upon the death of Louis XIV and the abandonment of Versailles, the Paris  high society became the purveyors of style. This style, primarily used in interior decoration, came  to be called Rococo. The term Rococo was derived from the French word "rocaille", which means  pebbles and refers to the stones and shells use to decorate the interiors of caves. Therefore,  shell forms became the principal motif in Rococo. The society women competed for the best and  most elaborate decorations for their houses. Hence the Rococo style was highly dominated by  the feminine taste and influence. Francois Boucher was the 18th century painter and engraver whose works are regarded as the  perfect expression of French taste in the Rococo period. Trained by his father who was a lace  designer, Boucher won fame with his sensuous and light-hearted mythological paintings and  landscapes. He executed important works for both the Queen of France and Mme. de  Pompadour, Louis XV's mistress, who was considered the most powerful woman in France at the  time. Boucher was Mme. de Pompadour's favorite artist and was commissioned by her for  numerous paintings and decorations. Boucher also became the principal designer for the royal  porcelain factory and the director of the Gobelins tapestry factory. The Vulcan Presenting Venus  with Arms for Aeneas is a template for a tapestry made by this factory.  Characterized by elegant and refined yet playful subject matters, Boucher's style became the  epitome of the court of Louis XV. His style consisted of delicate colors and gentle forms painted 
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