Paranoid Personality Disorder.docx - 1 Discussion Paranoid...

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1 Discussion: Paranoid Personality Disorder Personality disorders characterize the manifestation of extreme personality traits that tend to interfere with individuals’ daily lives and contribute to functional limitations, suffering, or both (Ekselius, 2018). Clinically, paranoid personality disorder (PDD) is misunderstood and often overlooked, with its symptoms being accounted for by other comorbid personality disorders. The disorder is classified as a Cluster A personality disorder, which is associated with childhood trauma and social stress (Lee, 2017). PPD is considered as a significant cause of disability in the United States, with many persons with PPD stopping working at an earlier age. The condition is also associated with aggressive behavior, violence, and vulnerability to other mental health problems, including depression and suicidality. The discussion provides an overview of the diagnostic criteria of PPD, treatment modalities, and clinical features that lead to the identification of the disorder. Diagnostic Criteria for PPD The diagnostic criteria of PPD falls under the Cluster A personality disorders. DSM-V provides the features that can help in identifying the disease. Primarily, PPD characterizes pervasive suspiciousness and distrust of others, which may be evidenced by four or more of the following features (Vyas & Khan, 2016). Individuals with PPD tend to interpret others’ motives as malevolent starting from early adulthood. Specifically, people with PPD tend to suspect that others are harming, exploiting, or deceiving them without sufficient basis. Moreover, individuals tend to be preoccupied with unjustified doubts about their friends or associates’ trustworthiness and loyalty. As such, they may be reluctant to confide with them because they think the others’ will use the information maliciously. Additionally, people with

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