republic III and IV - Tami Kunst The Republic Book III and...

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Tami Kunst September 17, 2004 The Republic Book III and IV Author : Plato Journal Entry #3 Book III and IV concern the creation of the myth of metals and the four virtues. Socrates and Glaucon continue to speak of the roles of the citizens in the community. They must devise a way for the people to understand the reasoning for those who have power and for those who live in poverty. The four virtues are the characteristics each level of citizenship must fulfill to satisfy its function. After creating the myth of metals, Socrates chooses who should rule and who should be peasants. Socrates knew that people would not be happy with someone just taking rule over them. Therefore, Socrates designed a myth that all people were born with pieces of metal within them. The type of metal would define on which level of society they would be placed. If a child was born with iron or brass in him, they were placed in lower class, such as farming. If the child was born with gold or silver, they were considered valuable and would be of higher rank.
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