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Physiology Lecture 11 A Quick Trip Through Parts of the Brain

System works closely with endocrine system the

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Unformatted text preview: _ system the four “F’s” feeding, fighting, flight, fornication Objectives: Brain 1) Know how major divisions of the human brain develop out of the embryonic brain. From what part of the neural tube are the ventricles derived? forebrain, midbrain, hindbrain. top end 2) Summarize the functions carried out by major brain stem centers. sneezing vomiting, makes movements smooth What parts of the early brain develop into the brain stem? hind brain What are some of the activities regulated by control centers in the brain stem? sneezing, vomiting, What is the reticular activating system (RAS) and what does it do? connecting nuclei used to regulate arousal Where is the RAS located? brain stem What is one thing the cerebellum does? motor activity smooth and precise What happens to someone whose forebrain is severely damaged, but whose brain stem still functions at least to some degree? loses sense of what is right/wrong, change in personality 3) Describe the general functions of the telencephalic cortex. What are the lobes of the cerebral cortex? temporal, frontal, parietal, occipital What is one major function that goes on in each lobe? What is meant by motor cortex, primary sensory cortex and associationcortex? Where are these regions in the brain? Where is the hippocampus located in the brain? How is it related to memory? temporal lobe, forebrain Where are the basal ganglia basal nuclei) located? forebrain What is one inportant thing you can tell someone about the basal ganglia In what hemisphere of the human brain is language usually centered? left What happens if the corpus callosum is severed? split brain What 4) Describe the general functions of the two major parts of the diencephalon. feeding, flight, fighting, fucking 5) Explain how our brain allows us to be conscious. How does the human brain know itself? (Just kidding. This is one one of the most profound and difficult questions ever asked by humans and possibly the ultimate challange facing neuroscience. Still, you’re welcome to give it a try.)...
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