Significance of these threats and the identification

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Unformatted text preview: gagement teams with separate reporting lines for the provision of non-assurance services to an assurance client. (k) Policies and procedures to prohibit individuals who are not members of an engagement team from inappropriately influencing the outcome of the engagement. (l) Timely communication of a firm’s policies and procedures, including any changes to them, to all partners and professional staff, and appropriate training and education on such policies and procedures. (m) Designating a member of senior management to be responsible for overseeing the adequate functioning of the firm’s quality control system. (n) Advising partners and professional staff of those assurance clients and related entities from which they must be independent. 29 By-Laws (On Professional Ethics, Conduct and Practice) of the Malaysian Institute of Accountants [Issued January 2007] PART I: BY-LAWS ON PROFESSIONAL ETHICS (o) A disciplinary mechanism to promote compliance with policies procedures. and (p) Published policies and procedures to encourage and empower staff to communicate to senior levels within the firm any issue relating to compliance with the fundamental principles that concerns them. 200.13 Engagement-specific safeguards in the work environment may include: (a) Involving an additional professional accountant to review the work done or otherwise advise as necessary. (b) Consulting an independent third party, such as a committee of independent directors, a professional regulatory body or another professional accountant. (c) Discussing ethical issues with those charged with governance of the client. (d) Disclosing to those charged with governance of the client the nature of services provided and extent of fees charged. (e) Involving another firm to perform or re-perform part of the engagement. (f) Rotating senior assurance team personnel. 200.14 Depending on the nature of the engagement, a professional accountant in public practice may also be able to rely on safeguards that the client has implemented. However it is not possible to rely solely on such safeguards to reduce threats to an acceptable level. 200.15 Safeguards within the client’s systems and procedures may include: (a) When a client appoints a firm in public practice to perform an engagement, persons other than management ratify or approve the appointment. (b) The client has competent employees with experience and seniority to make managerial decisions. (c) The client has implemented internal procedures that ensure objective choices in commissioning non-assurance engagements. (d) The client has a corporate governance structure that provides appropriate oversight and communications regarding the firm’s services. 30 By-Laws (On Professional Ethics, Conduct and Practice) of the Malaysian Institute of Accountants [Issued January 2007] PART I: BY-LAWS ON PROFESSIONAL ETHICS Section 210 Professional Appointment Client Acceptance 210.1 Before accepting a new client relationship, a professional accountant...
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This document was uploaded on 09/23/2013.

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