Unformatted text preview: University (New York, NY) Center for Electron Transport in Molecular Nanostructures NSF University of California, Los Angeles Institute for Cell Mimetic Space Exploration National Aeronautics and Space Administration (Los Angeles, CA) (NASA, Washington, DC) Texas A&M University (College Station, TX) Institute for Intelligent Bio-nanomaterials and Structures for NASA Aerospace Vehicles
Princeton University (Princeton, NJ) Bioinspection, Design and Processing of Multifunctional NASA Nanocomposites
University of California, Santa Barbara; Institute for Collaborative Biotechnology US Army Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies US Army Massachusetts Institute of Technology
(MIT; Cambridge, MA); and California Institute
of Technology (Caltech; Pasadena, CA)
MIT off, expert-guided process to a more robust
means for nanocomponent assembly (Box 1).
The journey to market
Nanotechnology enables a broad range of
products spanning research, medical and gy evolved the ultimate system for nanoscale
engineering, supplying at once building blocks
and self-replicating tools for molecular design.
Using a similar process of chemical and physical recognition to guide nanocomponent
assembly, the devices can evolve from a one- T
h olo © 2003 Nature Publishing Group http://www.nature.com/naturebiotechnology University Directed self-assembling
biosystems 2020 • Functional biological
• Biomimetic design processes
• Biomolecular engineering and
design tools Technical
hierarchical structures • Biofabrication templates
• Self-powered devices for in vivo
applications • Biological-electronics
• Synthesis and use of
• Nanofabrication, assembly,
and integration processes Materials and components
• Models of biological systems
• In silico modeling and
• Biological detection and
analysis tools Applications
coatings In vivo
technology Figure 1 Nanobiotechnology: a continuum of opportunity for nanotechnology in the life sciences.
Source: SRI Consulting Business Intelligence (SRIC-BC; Menlo Park, CA, USA). 1138 consumer goods. Some existing commercial technologies, such as liposomes or
Affymetrix’s (Santa Clara, CA, USA) oligonucleotide chips, fall under the working
definition of nanotechnology. Other systems, such as nanosensors, are so novel that
they are likely to be years away from commercial prototypes.
The use of nanotechnology can be categorized by application, in which the nanocomponents enhance performance in quite
different areas. Here, I define the primary
fields of application as bioanalysis, drug
delivery and therapeutics, and biosensors
and medical devices. There is clearly
crossover between thes...
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This document was uploaded on 09/24/2013.
- Fall '13