Center nsf columbia university new york ny center for

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Unformatted text preview: University (New York, NY) Center for Electron Transport in Molecular Nanostructures NSF University of California, Los Angeles Institute for Cell Mimetic Space Exploration National Aeronautics and Space Administration (Los Angeles, CA) (NASA, Washington, DC) Texas A&M University (College Station, TX) Institute for Intelligent Bio-nanomaterials and Structures for NASA Aerospace Vehicles Princeton University (Princeton, NJ) Bioinspection, Design and Processing of Multifunctional NASA Nanocomposites University of California, Santa Barbara; Institute for Collaborative Biotechnology US Army Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies US Army Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT; Cambridge, MA); and California Institute of Technology (Caltech; Pasadena, CA) MIT off, expert-guided process to a more robust means for nanocomponent assembly (Box 1). The journey to market Nanotechnology enables a broad range of products spanning research, medical and gy evolved the ultimate system for nanoscale engineering, supplying at once building blocks and self-replicating tools for molecular design. Using a similar process of chemical and physical recognition to guide nanocomponent assembly, the devices can evolve from a one- T re ech ac n h olo © 2003 Nature Publishing Group http://www.nature.com/naturebiotechnology University Directed self-assembling biosystems 2020 • Functional biological nanostructures • Biomimetic design processes • Biomolecular engineering and design tools Technical complexity 2010 Programmable hierarchical structures • Biofabrication templates • Self-powered devices for in vivo applications • Biological-electronics interfaces • Synthesis and use of nanostructures • Nanofabrication, assembly, and integration processes Materials and components • Models of biological systems • In silico modeling and simulation tools • Biological detection and analysis tools Applications Nanoarrays Biological Biomaterials Nanotechnology and biosensors screening applications Drug towards delivery Smart Contrast and biological medical shielding objectives devices agents and coatings In vivo molecular medicine Tissue engineering Biology-based approach to science and technology Figure 1 Nanobiotechnology: a continuum of opportunity for nanotechnology in the life sciences. Source: SRI Consulting Business Intelligence (SRIC-BC; Menlo Park, CA, USA). 1138 consumer goods. Some existing commercial technologies, such as liposomes or Affymetrix’s (Santa Clara, CA, USA) oligonucleotide chips, fall under the working definition of nanotechnology. Other systems, such as nanosensors, are so novel that they are likely to be years away from commercial prototypes. The use of nanotechnology can be categorized by application, in which the nanocomponents enhance performance in quite different areas. Here, I define the primary fields of application as bioanalysis, drug delivery and therapeutics, and biosensors and medical devices. There is clearly crossover between thes...
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This document was uploaded on 09/24/2013.

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