1780-1815 Neoclassical

1780-1815 Neoclassical - Neoclassicism(1780-1815 Joseph...

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Neoclassicism (1780-1815) Joseph Wright of Derby, A Philosopher Giving a Lecture at the Orrery , ca. 1763-65, Oil on canvas (28-9) Abraham Darby III and Thomas F. Pritchard, Iron Bridge at Coalbrookdale, England (first cast- iron bridge over the Severn River), 1776-79 (28-10) Angelica Kauffmann, Cornelia Presenting Her Children as Her Treasures or Mother of the Gracchi , ca. 1785, Oil on canvas (28-20) Jacques-Louis David, Oath of the Horatii , 1784, Oil on canvas (28-21) The Death of Marat , 1793, Oil on canvas (28-22) Jacques-Germain Soufflot, The Panthéon, Paris, France, 1755-1792 (28-24) Robert Adam, Etruscan Room, from Osterley Park House, Middlesex, England, begun 1761 (28- 30) Thomas Jefferson, Monticello, Charlottesville, Virginia, 1770-1806 (28-31) Key vocabulary terms: Enlightenment Philosophes Jean-Jacques Rousseau Denis Diderot’s Encyclopedia (1751-80) The French Revolution “Progress” The American Revolution The Industrial Revolution Ancien regime orrery Neoclassical (1780-1815) Period that overlaps Rococco and Realism. Bridges the late 18 th century and the early 19 th century. Enlightenment: less religion, more science, natural law. Museums, libraries, encyclopedia. Writers begin to be extremely critical of the church. Emphasize European art. But also examples of neoclassical in America(Monticello) Scientific Revolution, enlightenment, revival of classical tradition
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Joseph Wright of Derby, A Philospher Giving a Lecture at the Orrery, ca. 1763-65. Oil on Canvas Joseph wright interested in science and also in portraying it in art. Orrery: used to measure celestial movements of the sun and the moon. A circle that personifies the sun, two spheres on the outer edge act as planets. His assistant is documenting the measurements from the orrery. Philosopher giving lecture.
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