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1250- 1350 Italian 13th and 14th Century Art

1250- 1350 Italian 13th and 14th Century Art - Italian 13th...

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Italian 13 th and 14 th Century Art Art History January 28, 2008 Username Morisot/password Seaside Syllabus and slide sheet is online Arthistory.rutgers.edu Nicola Pisano, Pulpit 1259-60, Marble. Baptistery, Pisa. Humanism is very important in this period. !3-14 th Century Paintings
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Cimabue. Madonna Enthroned, c. 1280-90. Tempera on Panel. Madonna Enthroned good example of 13 th century Italian panel painting, alterpiece. Influenced by Byzantine era. During the fourth crusade Venice developed close relations with the east through the maritime travels of the fourth crusade. Gained access to some of the wealth coming in from the east. The Venetians divert the fourth crusade and sacked Constananoble, brought back with them beautiful artwork(prayer books, art, mosaics), Artists in Italy had access to the Byzantine tradition as a result of the fourth crusade and the sacking of Constananoble. Not only had the art but also had the artists from the east who came into Venice.
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Mella Madonna. The angels are more distant and isolated from the Virgin Mary and the baby jesus. Mella Madonna. Byzantine altarpiece Comparison: The Virgin Mary is the centre piece in both pieces. Both use hiarartic scale (central placement) In Madonna Enthroned old testament prophets lie below the Virgin Mary. The prophets had intimated the coming of Christ. The stonework in Madonna Enthroned is similar to that which is found in Venice. Both works incorporated a gold background with suggested a divine space/ temperoral/ spiritual realm. Madonna enthroned has the gable top which is highly characteristic of altarpieces in that era. Cimabue has more of an architectural presence than the Mella Madonna. There is an emphasis on symmetry and balance in the Cimabue. Mella Madonna has very linear, stylized striations in the drapery folds. Cimabue carried this over a bit in terms of the gold striations in the Virgin’s mantle. The Virgin Mary is more feminine and softer in the Cimabue, but there is an anatomical discrepancy in the placement of the knees and feet of Mary.
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