1400- 1500 Early Renaissance In Italy

1400- 1500 Early Renaissance In Italy - Early Renaissance...

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Early Renaissance in Italy 1400-1500 Wednesday, January 30, 2008 Early Renaissance in Italy Format of four quizzes: tested on knowing the slides, EG shown a range of slides, need to ID them and possibly have a short essay discussing the works function. Make sure to know the information listed on the slides. Florence Italy located in Tuscany. Italy in the 15 th century was a collection of city states with separate rulers and ruling families. The leading ruling family in Florence was the Medici. Heavily invested in banking, the wool trade, and even in the Papacy. The Medici family deeply vested in the Arts, purchased and commissioned art from some of the leading artists of the day. The term renaissance was a revival of the classical tradition as well as al antique(imitating classic art). Humanism as a concept continues to flourish in the early renaissance. Florence Baptistery Door Panels. Florence Baptistery Dedicated to St. John the Baptist (Jesus’s cousin and the person associated with the beginning of baptism) Andrea da Pisano. South Doors, Baptistery of Florence Cathedral, 1330-36, Gild Bronze. Contain 28 panels, illustrate scenes of the great baptism. Baptism of Christ. From Andrea da Pisano. Filippo Brunelleschi, Sacrifice of Isacc, competition panel for the east dooers Lorenzo Ghiberti Sacrifice of Isacc, competition panel for the east doors.
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Asked to interpret and present the sacrifice of Isaac. Had to conform to the trilob/ gothic design shown. Ghiberti won the competition and Brunelleschi was so distraught he left Florence. The relief is much higher, the composition is better, can see the sheer force in Abraham’s arm, Isacc is represented on the sacrificial pedestal, Isaac’s body is idealized, classically nude. Florence Cathedral Dome **Insert Pic** Brunelleschi left distraught but was then called back to work on the dome of the Florence Cathedral. Giotto was appointed as the head master of the Florence Cathedral and was responsible for the bell towers that flank the cathedral. Problem of cathedral was how to span the large space of the cuppula or the dome. Brunelleschi solved the problem of the Florence Cathedral dome. Brunelleschi came up with the solution of a double shelled dome in order to insure the stability of the dome. Vaulted the dome with two sets of ribs. This type of vaulting is seen in Islamic architecture as well but Brunelleschi is given the credit for the double shelled rib design to solve the problem of the dome in Florence, Italy. Base of dome: drum. Oculus: windows in the dome. Orders: Doric, Ionic, Corinthian. **Must know Doric order is the earliest of the three. The Doric order platform consists of the stereobate and the stylobate. The drum rests on the stylobate. Rests directly on the platform, no base. The top of the column consists of the echinus and the abacus. The architrave is usually undecorated. The top is decorated with metope(unadorned panels) and Triglyphs. At the top is the acroterio
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1400- 1500 Early Renaissance In Italy - Early Renaissance...

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