THE HUMAN SKELETONOVERALL OBJECTIVES (For all labs on skeleton):In Lab1.Know the names of the bones of the skeleton (articulated and disarticulated).2.Be able to tell what bone(s) a given bone articulates with on its proximal, medial, etc., surface.3.Know the various bone parts, as indicated.4.Be able to determine the position of a person from a single bone (excluding the clavicle, fibula, and patella).5.Know the general macroscopic structure of a long bone.Outside Lab6.Know the terms that pertain to the various depressions, holes, cavities, and processes of bones.7.Define the terms that are used to describe the surface features of bones (i.e., the terminology used to referto the various cavities, depressions, holes, bumps, ridges, etc., on bone surfaces).8.Distinguish between axial skeleton and appendicular skeleton.45
THE SKELETAL PLANChapter 5 and 6 Van De GraaffTEXTBOOK CHAPTER 6,7,8TORTORA’S A BRIEF ATLAS OF THE SKELETON, SURFACE ANATOMY, AND SELECTEDMEDICAL IMAGESOBJECTIVES:In Lab1.Assemble a disarticulated skeleton and learn the names of the various bones. (You need not know the individual names of the wrist, ankle, and skull bones at this time.)2.Identify the macroscopic anatomical structures of a typical long bone (if time permits).Outside Lab3.Define the terms used to describe the surface features of bones, i.e., foramen, condyle, etc., (at home).4.Differentiate between axial and appendicular skeleton.REFERENCE:pp.194-196 TortoraPRE-LAB:Preview entire lab. Learn definitions of terms used to describe various depressions or cavities and processes on bones. Tortora table 7.2 p.196PROCEDURE:1.Work through all of the following: aObtain a disarticulated skeleton, and, working with your lab partner(s), assemble the skeleton as illustrated in textbook Fig.7.1, p.196bLearn the names of the bones in (Tortora Fig.7.1 p 196) and how they are arranged in relation to each other (not individual skull bones).2.If time permits obtain a fresh section of beef femur and a bone section setaUsing the fresh femur and bone set, locate all structures in Tortora Fig. 6.1 p. 1713.Outside of the labaReview the definitions of the surface features of bones (foramen, condyle, etc.). ASSIGNMENT:Review all terms studied. Preview next lab.46
THE VERTEBRAL COLUMN AND THORAXTEXTBOOK CHAPTER 7, LAB MANUAL CHAPTER 5OBJECTIVES:IN LAB:1.Know the general structure of a single vertebra.2.Know the parts of and distinguish among atlas, axis, typical cervical vertebrae, typical thoracic vertebrae, typical lumbar vertebrae, and sacral and coccygeal vertebrae.OUTSIDE LAB:3.Know the various parts of the ribs and sternum as indicated and the relationship among the ribs, sternum, and vertebrae to form the vertebral column and thorax.