1500- 1600 Northern Europen 16th Century Art and Architecture X

1500- 1600 Northern Europen 16th Century Art and Architecture X

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Announcements: Next Quiz March 12 th (next Wednesday, 10 slide Ids 11/2 minutes each). Museum assignment Wednesday March 26 th . Northern Europen 16 th Century Art and Architecture (1500-1600) Key Vocabulary Terms: The Protestant Reformation Ninety-Five Theses Martin Luther Erasmus of Rotterdam Devotio moderno (modern devotion) Christian humanism Altarpiece Predella Woodcut Engraving Four Temperaments Horror vacui Anamorphic image Portraiture Allegory Protestant reformation defines this era. Martin Luther posted his 10 thesises to the door of Nuremburg Cathedral. Growing dissatisfaction with Catholic Church. Martin Luther was originally catholic, training to be a monk. Critical of the sale of indulgences (papal dispensation that reduces time in purgatory or in essence allows one to purchase one’s salvation). Luther’s reffermation caused a chain reaction. There were other reformers in the protestant movement, Eg Calvin. Eventually England turns to Protestantism as a result of Henry VIII declaration of the Church of England. After 1600, Northern Europe primarily protestant, Southern Europe (Italy, Spain, France) remains catholic during late 16 th and 17 th century. Along with Protestantism, context for humanism is different. Emphasis on Christian humanism (good Christian in context with being a humanist philospepher) In particular contex of Erasmas (in praise of folly) Hieronymus Bosch, Garden of Earthly Delights , Creation of Eve (left wing), Garden of Earthly Delights (center panel), Hell (right wing), 1505-1510, Oil on panel Title that responsiple for is simply the Garden of Earthly Delights Organized in three panels, mimics that of a trypch
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Whether or not it was used as an altarpiece has been debated. Left panel the creation of eve, centre panel: garden of Early Delights, Right panel: Bosch’s vision of hell. Bosch’s great talent, he has a great style, very smooth, careful brushstrokes. Represents in the garden of the earthly delights, some of the most erotic, bizarre, lude, imaginable imagery. When its closed we see a celestial orb. Creation of Eve panel, God the father stands in the center, just recently created Adam and then Eve Garden of Earthly delights, lake from which a contraption emerges. Inhabited by Adam and Eve, various birds and animals. Where would he have seen an elephant or giraffe? (probably looking at illustrations of these animals in what are known as beastiearies) Contained depictions of different animals. Bosch’s style everything rendered with careful and minute attention to detail. Elements in background as well defined as foreground. Center panel most fascinating to most people. In 60’s and 70’s one of the most popular subjects for posters. Representation of the countless and numerous sensous and sexual encounters. Stream of water filled with people performing all different sorts of unusual acts. Figure of couple contained inside buble, figure that peers out through a glass cylander with little mouse inside. Upside down
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ART HIST 106 taught by Professor Budd during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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1500- 1600 Northern Europen 16th Century Art and Architecture X

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