Stigsdotter Dissertation Landscape Health

Educational goal of my postgraduate studies this wish

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Unformatted text preview: els. My wish that the dissertation should have a wide reach is part of the purposeful educational goal of my postgraduate studies. This wish is manifested in the conferences I have chosen to speak at and the publications in which I have presented my work. Summary of papers Paper I. What Makes a Garden a Healing Garden? All gardens are not healing gardens. There is even an example of a hospital garden that had a measurable negative effect on patients’ health (Ulrich, 1999). What, then, is required if a garden is to be healing? Together with my supervisor, Associate Professor Patrik Grahn, I was able to look more closely at this question in the first study. The study is divided into two parts. The first part discusses and summarizes theories on the healing effects of healing gardens – theories originating from different research disciplines, such as landscape architecture, environmental psychology, medicine and horticultural therapy. The different disciplines define healing gardens and their effects on visitors’ well-being in different ways. This leads to a situation in which different actors use the same concepts and terms with reference to different things. This constitutes a problem today. Here, theories of the healing effects of gardens originating from different research disciplines are grouped into three different schools: The Healing Garden School, The Horticultural Therapy School and The Instorative School. When designing a healing garden, it is fundamental to focus on the people/patients for whom the garden is intended. The second part of the study discusses and presents design hypotheses based on the visitor’s needs and his/her relation to the garden. The resulting hypotheses concern creating garden rooms that place different levels of demands on the visitor, and this is a question of accessibility. This may be summarized in the following points: – A balance between just being in the garden, experiencing it and working with gardening – The visitor’s mental power – Garden rooms with different characteristics – The accessibility to the visitor In our search for a theoretical foundation for designing healing gardens, we turned to the interface between environmental psychology and landscape architecture and to research results that have been obtained, since the 1980s, at the Department of Landscape Planning, Alnarp (Ottosson & Grahn, 1998; Berggren-Bärring & Grahn, 1995, Grahn, 1991a). This was supplemented with several other methods, such as literature reviews and study visits. Working with several methods requires time and financial resources. The advantage of obtaining results through different methods is that we get a better overall picture of the problem by elucidating it from many angles. I believe that the strength of this study lies in our having had the time and ability to travel and visit internationally renowned healing 20 gardens, our participation in international conferences and our personal meetings and discussions...
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This document was uploaded on 09/24/2013.

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