Stigsdotter Dissertation Landscape Health

May also affect our health healing gardens and urban

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Unformatted text preview: health. Naturally, I am aware that many other factors in the outdoor environment may also affect our health. Healing gardens and urban green spaces have the unique ability to offer simultaneously many factors that can facilitate good health – factors such as daylight (Küller & Wetterberg, 1996; Küller & Lindsten, 1992), activities and exercise (Perk, 1998; Pate, 1995; Küller & Küller, 1994), stimulation of the senses (Lundberg, 2001; Kaplan, 1987) and aesthetically pleasing experiences (Dilani, 1999; Rapp, 1999; Ulrich, 1983). I do not claim to have provided a comprehensive picture here. Based on statistical calculations, the research results presented here may be interpreted as evidence for real and significant associations between city dwellers’ use of urban green spaces and their experiences of stress. The dissertation is to be viewed as a contribution to the field – a contribution that I hope will increase our understanding of how important landscape architecture can be for human health, both with regard to rehabilitation and health promotion. The aim of the present dissertation is to obtain and present research results that may be applied by practitioners and that will ultimately lead to evidence-based landscape design and planning to promote health. With reference to this, two attendant questions were formulated that became the two studies underlying the dissertation. Study 1 deals with healing gardens, i.e., gardens purposefully designed to facilitate the improved health of a patient group (Papers I and II). Study 2 concerns how greenery in city dwellers’ everyday living environments can help to maintain and fortify health (Papers III, IV and V). Both projects deal with ill health caused by stress and with how different outdoor environments should be designed if they are to promote health. The first attendant question of Study 1 is: What existing theories support the notion of positive health effects of healing gardens and horticultural therapy for people suffering from fatigue reactions? Interest in healing gardens is spreading rapidly throughout the world, and several different research disciplines and professions are now working with healing gardens and their effects on different patient groups. During my 26 postgraduate studies, I was astounded at the great differences in how different scientists and practitioners view horticultural therapy and healing gardens. These differences allowed them to be assigned to different schools: –The Healing Gardens School. Advocated primarily by landscape architects and environmental psychologists. The health effects are assumed to be derived above all from the experiences of the garden room as such, its design and contents. –The Horticultural Therapy School. Advocated primarily by medical scientists and horticultural therapists. The health effects are assumed to be derived primarily from the activities in the garden room. –The Instorative School. Advocated primarily by lan...
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This document was uploaded on 09/24/2013.

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