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1600-1700 Baroque. French and English X

1600-1700 Baroque. French and English X - French Baroque...

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French Baroque Art (1600-1700) French Baroque 1600-1700 Louis the fourteenth, the sun king. Fashioned himself as an autocratic ruler. Had advisers who helped direct him, for the most part France in the late 17 th century in terms of the arts, the King is a major arbiter of taste during this period. France rises to become the artistic capital of Europe. Will be the artistic capital of Europe well into the 20 th century. Nicolas Poussin, Burial of Phocion, 1648, Oil on canvas Spent most of his career in Rome and not in France, only returned to Paris twice in his career. As an artist very immersed in antiqueity, and carefully studies the tradition of the italian renaissance, and italian baroque. Known for idealized landscapes, in which nature carefully controlled by the artists intellect. Nature is organized by the artist’s reason and talents. The subject comes from greek history, recounted in Plutarchs lives. Phocion was an athenian general who was wrongly accused and tried for treason. What is shown here is Phocion being given a proper burial. Many of his painting illustrate narratives that come from mythology or roman history. Poussin places these subjects at the apex of his artmaking. The funeral bearers placed very closely in the foreground. Clear demarcations between the foreground, middleground, and background. Makes it clear to the viewer that this is a subject drawn from antiquity, shows the ancient buildings, villas, temples in the background. Leads our eyes using the various pathways that kind of zigzag from the foreground, to the middleground, to the background. In the same way that Carvachi does. His forms are very closely and carefully painted. Looks to the precedent of Raphael. Poussinisme (idealization, classicism, and desegno): Rubenisme (drama, grandiloquence, & colorito)
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Georges de la Tour, Adoration of the Sheperds , 1645-50, Oil on canvas Subject is religous, the holy family, the virgin mary, her husband joseph on the right, and the shepards who have come to pay omage to Christ who has been recently born, tightly bundled and swaddled up. Conscious about their light source: the baby jesus and the candle are the two lightsources. All of the figures in the painting are all frontally lit.
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