1600-1700 Baroque. Italian Art and Architecture X

1600-1700 Baroque. Italian Art and Architecture X - Italian...

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Unformatted text preview: Italian Baroque Art and Architecture (1600-1700) Key vocabulary terms: Diagonal, didactic, dynamic Pope Urban VIII Naturalism Cardinal Odoardo Farnese Tenebrism Borghese gallery Counter-Reformation Ideal landscape Classicism Illusionism Trompe loeil Ut pictura poesis Tabernacle Baldacchino (Italian word for baldachin) Lunette Quadratura Quadro riportato (pl. quadri riportati) Italy 17 th Century In the 17 th century Rome will be the artistic and spiritual capital of Italy. 17 th century period of incredible change. Great advances made by scientists such as Galileo, Newton. Term baroque originally comes from a porteguese word barroco, word used to describe an irregularly shaped girl. Its an art that in many instances will be very dramatic. Well see more dynamic shapes in architecture. For decades Baroque art was seen as not as good as the Italian renaissance. Carlo Maderno, Santa Susanna, Rome, Italy, 1597-1603 Emphasis toawards center of the facade. Faade will become increasingly more vertical in terms of its direction. With a baroque faade, at the center there is a semi circular pediment over the main entrance way. In the first story at the level of the enterance, the columns get higher in terms of the relief. At the higher wings, the architect uses plasters, to create a more dramatic entrance way, engated columns. Finally, the entrance has free standing columns. In order to lend a sense of drama and to mark the sense of transition to the second story uses volutes. Carlo Maderno, Faade, plan, and aerial view of St. Peters, Vatican City, Rome, 1606-12 Maderno added nave, causing the church to appear longitudinal in appearance. in the 17 th century we see a resurgence and preference for a longitudinal plan, rather than the centralized plan of the renaissance. Provides spaces for church processions, reinforces associations between baroque architecture and that of the early Christian church. By adding the three bays of the nave, allows easier access to the church, easier flow of people within the flow of the nave, ends up pushing back the view of the dome of New St. Peters. Breaks the effect that Michelangelo had originally intended. Mostly completed by Bernini, worked on the exterior, the piazza, and designed the collinade for new saint peters. The redesigning of the piazza which occurs later in the 17 th century, oblisque at the center and a fountain designed by moderno. Bernini creates an oval shape for the architecture, ovals in the 17 th century baroque architecture preferred over squares. Collinade made of four rows of monumental columns which end in monumental temple fronts(notice triangular pedimented temple top). Suggests that the church is welcoming the many visitors Gianlorenzo Bernini, Baldacchino, Saint Peters, Vatican City, Rome, Italy, 1624- 1633 Function: marks the site of st. peters tomb and also marks the spot of the high altar at new saint...
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1600-1700 Baroque. Italian Art and Architecture X - Italian...

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