1600-1700 Baroque. Spanish and Flemish Art X

1600-1700 Baroque. Spanish and Flemish Art X - Spanish and...

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Spanish and Flemish Baroque Art (1600-1700) Vocabulary Terms: Bodegon Infanta Antonio Palomino Allegory “Dismounted equestrian monument” Spanish Baroque: In the 17 th century, Spain emerges and establishes itself as a major country. Hapsberg family created large empire. During the 17 th century Spain weakened due to the long effects of war, especially the 30 year war. Political and economic decline in the 1700s. However Spain experiences its golden age in the 1700s. The arts flourish during this time. Importance of the counterreformation in Spain. Artists will look towards images of martyrs. Jose de Ribera, Martyrdom of Saint Bartholomew , ca. 1639, Oil on canvas Ribera is a painter who is born in Valencia, Spain. But spends most of his career in Naples Italy. The subject is the martyrdom of Saint Bartholomew. St. Bartholomew is being hoisted up on a bracket, as part of his martyrdom he was flayed alive. Ribera familiar with Caravaggio, the tenerberism, St. Bartholomew’s body placed along asymmetrical axis. St. Bartholomew does not appear heroic, looking up with a sad/anxious expression, knows his fate. In terms of the figure type, he does not appear particularly heroic or idealized. The muscles are presented in a very sinewy fashion. Not clean shaven, very heavy stubble on his face, does not have robust muscular physique.
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Chooses a non idealized ordinary type for the figure of St. Bartholomew. Sets the picture against a very bright illuminated sky, which helps add to the dramatic effect of this scene of martyrdom.
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Francisco de Zurbarán, Saint Serapion , 1628, Oil on canvas Francisco de Zurbaran painted many images of saints commissioned by monastic orders. Very powerful images, bring the figure very close to the viewer. Representation of St. Serapion, painted for the funerary chapel. St. Serapion was a medieval saint who participated in the medieval crusades/ Martyred for preaching to Muslims. Either tied to a tree and tortured, or beheaded, different stories as to which one. Shows self sacrifice and the saint’s dedication to the order. One figure modeled in a dramatic chiaroscuro using tenerbism. Can get a clear sense of light and dark in the very heavy folds of his white robe. His hands are bound by ropes and he almost appears as if he’s sleeping. Doesn’t dwell on the very grisly, ugly, aspects of martyrdom. Rather he represents him in a very serene, saintly way. If we look at St. Serapion’s face he’s relatively unidealized. Quiet, contemperate mood. In many of these chapels the only form of lighting is natural lighting (windows). So churches tended to be dark, when you viewed this the impression of this would be that the saint almost emerging out of the dark background.
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Diego Velázquez, Water Carrier of Seville , ca. 1619, Oil on canvas Considered greatest painter of the Spanish golden age. Paints genre pictures, among others, like this one.
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ART HIST 106 taught by Professor Budd during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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1600-1700 Baroque. Spanish and Flemish Art X - Spanish and...

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