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9.25.07 Tues - Luhmann's system theory Niklas Luhmann...

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Luhmann’s system theory Niklas Luhmann : german social thinker, - studied with Parsons at Harvard for a year, - influenced by parson’s later systems theory. - Focused on social systems as composed of “meaningful communication”. - Incorporates concepts from evolutionary, biology, cognitive science, etc Types of Systems Non Social: doesn’t have communication going on. Psychic systems Organismic systems Machine systems : any sort of machine that doesn’t have a human element( computers, cars, dvds, etc.) complex interdependencies between different parts to keep them working symbolic systems : language, symbols, written, oral, visual symbols to make sense of the social world. Social: based on communication - Interaction system : based on face to face relationships with two or more people. (classroom, courtroom, romantic relationship, families, friends) - Organizational systems: linked to membership (Fraternity or sorority, church member, Rutgers student) - Societal systems : all-encompassing, entire societies (capitalist economic systems, etc)
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**How do social systems differ from non-social ones?
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