This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: put in jail and tried for murder Defended by John Adams and Josiah Quincy two members of the Sons of Liberty 6 acquitted 2 found guilty of Manslaughter Tea Act of 1773
Tea Act of 1773 1770 Townsend Act repealed except for tax on Tea Most colonists drinking smuggled Dutch tea 1773 East India Tea Company in financial trouble British government appoint special agents to sell East India Tea rather than colonial merchants – A monopoly Actually made East India Tea cheaper December 16, 1773 – Boston Tea Party Coercive Acts 1774
Coercive Acts 1774 Colonists called them the –Intolerable Acts Closed Port of Boston until tea was paid for Colonial Legislature – Appointed by the Crown – not elected by the people General Thomas Gage named governor of the colony Royal officials accused of a crime – Trial in England New Quartering Act – Private Homes Colonial response to Coercive Acts
Colonial response to Coercive Acts September 5, 1774 – First Continental Congress – Meet in Philadelphia 55 Delegates 12 colonies –Favored compromise Declaration of Rights and Grievances Send petition to George III Blame Parliament for the problems Agree to reconvene in May of 1775 “Shot Heard Around the World During Winter of 17741775 – MA Patriots build up supplies of Muskets, gunpowder, and bullets Militia known as “Minutemen” are organizing Governor Gage is determined to capture the supplies and arrest Samuel Adams and John Hancock Under the cover of darkness British soldiers march to Lexington “Shot Heard Around the World” Arrive at Lexington about sunrise Several Minutemen gathered were told to disperse
Start to do so
Someone opened fire
8 colonists killed 10 wounded
1 British soldier wounded
No Weapons found
On to Concord “Shot Heard Around the World” Still no weapons found British and Minutemen will clash 2 Patriots killed – 3 British soldiers killed British no have to march back to Boston Continued clashed between Minutemen and British troops 273 British Killed – 95 Colonists killed “Paul Revere’s Ride” Revere, William Dawes, and Samuel Prescott Second Continental Congress
Second Continental Congress Meet in Philadelphia beginning May 10, 1775 Many still favor compromise – small minority favor independence Vote to raise an army and print paper money June 14, 1775 – George Washington from Virginia nominated by John Adams of Massachusetts to head the Continental Army Battle of Bunker Hill
Battle of Bunker Hill After Lexington and Concord – Men from countryside head into Boston Took the high ground of Charlestown – Peninsula Governor Gage ordered troops to remove the Patriots from the area 2500 British troops – Frontal Assault up the hill “Don’t fire until you see the whites of their eyes” Battle of Bunker Hill
Battle of Bunker Hill Third Assault by British – Patriots abandon the Hill Both sides claim victory British because of taking the hill Patriots because of losses inflicted on the British troops – 2500 – 1026 killed and wounded British became more cautious when confronting American...
View Full Document