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Unformatted text preview: troops “Tarring and Feathering” Second Continental Congress
Second Continental Congress July 1775 – Many in the Congress still hope for compromise Olive Branch Petition Personal appeal to the King George III to intercede on colonists behalf When arrives in England – George III refused to look at the petition Declared colonies in open rebellion and ordered a blockade of our ports British Leave Boston
British Leave Boston July 1775 Washington arrives in Boston to take command of the army Troops lacked discipline and needed training Fighting is seasonal – Winter 17751776 Ethan Allen and his Green Mountain Boys Sent to capture Fort Ticonderoga in NY Supplies, weapons, cannon Push, pull, drag 60 cannon – some weighing as much as ton – through the snow British Leave Boston
British Leave Boston Cannons arrive in Boston – March 1776 Mount on high ground overlooking Boston Harbor Puts British in an indefensible position End of March 1776 – Gage and his men along with 1000 Bostonians leave and sail to Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada Common Sense
Common Sense January 1776 Pamphlet “Common Sense” published Written by Thomas Paine Paine took new approach Up to now colonists blamed Parliament Paine blamed George III for the problems Within 3 months 150,000 copies in circulation Move Toward Independence
Move Toward Independence Colonies short on supplies to fight a war Some items smuggled in from France No formal trade agreement France wants assurances that we will declare independence June 7, 1776 – Richard Henry Lee introduces resolution Vote postponed until early July Representatives go home to discuss Independence Move Toward Independence
Move Toward Independence John Adams – Massachusetts Ben Franklin – Pennsylvania Roger Sherman – Connecticut Robert Livingston – New York Thomas Jefferson – Virginia Declaration of Independence
Declaration of Independence Jefferson borrowed heavily from Locke Like Paine, blamed King George III PreambleIntroduction – Social Contract has been broken Long list of grievances against the king Colonies have attempted reconciliation – failed – Declare Independence Independence
Independence Colonies begin to call themselves states Reflects belief that each was a separate and sovereign entity States write their own constitutions At a national things were more uncertain Americans uncertain if they want a national government Continental Congress considered a coordinating agency Independence Independence Articles of Confederation Confirmed the weak, decentralized system already in place Power over the states limited Congress faced the overwhelming task of raising and providing for the army and small navy Problems of the Congress
Problems of the Congress Supplies and equipment of all kinds were scarce – shortages persisted to the end Weapons Seized from British forts When British troops surrender Capture British supply ships Purchase from European Nations France Problems of the Congress
Problems of the Congress Fina...
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