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Unformatted text preview: nry Clinton Revolutionary War Revolutionary War Sweep through the South – subdue it with the help of Loyalist militia Capture everything from Georgia to Virginia then head north End of December 1778 Savannah and Augusta, GA captured May 1780 Charleston, South Carolina surrenders British start to make mistakes Revolutionary War Revolutionary War British army in need of troops – Entice slaves with the promise of freedom if they join them Many northern blacks fought on the Patriot side General Clinton sails back to New York leaving General Cornwallis in charge Revolutionary War Revolutionary War In the south – A war within a war British vs Patriots – Patriots vs Loyalists Loyalist’s homes and property was confiscated Loyalists were generally of the wealthy class More ties to Britain due to there reliance on cash crops Native Americans sided with British – stop westward advancement of colonists Revolutionary War Revolutionary War Cornwallis heads into North Carolina Suffers a few minor defeats – does not effect his progress Selects Yorktown as British base of operations in Virginia Yorktown sits on a Peninsula Yorktown Yorktown Yorktown Yorktown Washington in Rhode Island French army and navy arrive Split forces – Some troops sent to the NYC area– Keep Clinton in place Rest sent south to attack Cornwallis British army trapped – French navy defeated British navy October 6­19, 1781 ­ siege warfare Treaty of Paris 1783 Treaty of Paris 1783 Great Britain recognized American independence Granted fishing rights off Newfoundland – Right to come ashore and dry fish in Canada Delegates “Promise” British merchants would not be stopped from trying to collect pre­war debts Congress would “Earnestly Recommend” states restore confiscated Loyalist property British evacuate frontier forts The “Critical Period” 1781­1789 The Revolution did not bring about a restructuring of society By 1804 slavery in all states north of Maryland was abolished Articles of Confederation – proposed 1777 – adopted 1781 Articles guarded the power of the states Power removed too far from the people was dangerous Preserve liberty – constrain federal authority Western Land Claims Western Land Claims Land Ordinance of 1785 Land Ordinance of 1785 Set up plan for surveying the land west of the Appalachian Mountains to sell to settlers How the government is going to make money Divide land in 6 miles X 6 miles squares Divide 6X6 into 36 Sections Each section contained 640 acres Land to auctioned off for no less $1 per acre Weakness – favored the wealthy Land Ordnance of 1785 Land Ordnance of 1785 Land Ordinance of 1785 Land Ordinance of 1785 Northwest Ordinance of 1787 Northwest Ordinance of 1787 Helps to spur westward movement How a territory becomes a state Congress appoints territorial government – a governor, a secretary, 3 judges 5,000 free males of voting age and owned 50 acres of land – vote to form their own government 60,000 – write state constitution – app...
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