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Unformatted text preview: ncing the War – Severe Problem Congress lacked the authority to tax States reluctant to impose taxes Hard Currency (Gold & Silver) in short supply No choice to issue paper money States also printed their own money Runaway Inflation Borrow heavily from the Dutch and French Problems of the Congress
Problems of the Congress Troops – Only small portion of eligible men volunteered 1 year enlistments – 3 years – Duration of the War – offered bounties $20 and 100 acres of land after war was over State Militia – unreliable – formed when danger was near – evaporate once danger passed Refused to fight outside of their home state British Advantages
British Advantages Greatest Navy – One of the best trained and equipped armies Access to resources of empire Outnumber Patriot army Coherent command structure Patriot Advantages
Patriot Advantages Fighting on their own soil Fighting for ideal – Independence Later during the conflict – Support of the French army and navy British Disadvantages
British Disadvantages Fighting far from home Long supply lines – 3000 miles British people halfheartily supported the war Had to hire mercenaries – Hessians Lacked an organized plan to fight the war Overestimated the help they would receive from the Loyalists Washington’s Strategy Washington’s Strategy Keep and army in the field long enough Try not to suffer a major defeat Eventually British will tire and go home Revolutionary War
Revolutionary War 1775 – 1778 – Important battles occurred in New England, New Jersey, New York, and PA – Patriots faced British alone 1778 – 1781 – 1778 France enters conflict on Patriot side – Fighting mainly in the south and western frontier 1781 – 1783 – Little fighting – Diplomatic maneuvering leading to Treaty of Paris 1783 Revolutionary War Revolutionary War August 1776 – Waters around New York City filled with hundreds of British ships – 32,000 man army British have no problems coming ashore Wage war but try to negotiate a peace All Washington’s army can do is fall back Thomas Paine – “The Crisis” Trenton and Princeton Revolutionary War
Revolutionary War John Burgoyne in command of British forces in Canada Move down from Canada – capture Albany, NY – Move on to New York City Recaptures Fort Ticonderoga After that things bog down Coming up to meet Burgoyne – Horatio Gates and army of 7,000 General Howe – In NYC – instead of coming up to help Burgoyne Revolutionary War
Revolutionary War Leave to capture Philadelphia October 17, 1777 – Battle of Saratoga Burgoyne surrenders Turning point of the war 1778 France joins Americans Trade concessions – ease some shortages Loan us money Support of French army and navy Revolutionary War
Revolutionary War June 1779 – France persuades Spain to declare war on England Spain never allied themselves with us 1778 – Lord North realizes the war in unwinnable George III not wiling to give in Believes there is strong loyalist support in the South General Howe replaced by He...
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