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Unformatted text preview: rced them to unite to fight a common enemy Disliked interference with local affairs Disliked the arrogance of British army and severe discipline French and Indian War
French and Indian War Native Americans picked the losing side Fear Colonial settlement and their removal Pontiac’s Rebellion Failed Convinced British Government to keep 10,000 troops in the colonies Proclamation Line of 1763 Proclamation Line drawn at the crest of the Appalachians Colonists could not move beyond this line Prevent clashes between colonists and Indians Keep colonists closer to the coast – easier to control Quartering Act 1763 Required colonial legislatures to provide barracks and supplies to British troops Molasses Act 1733
Molasses Act 1733 6 Pence per gallon tax from nonBritish sources Molasses byproduct of sugar cane processing French Indies Planters sell to colonists at favorable prices British losing revenue due to smuggling Sugar Act 1764
Sugar Act 1764 Halves the tax – From 6 to 3 Pence – Grenville felt lower tax would reduce smuggling Tougher enforcement Board ships suspected of smuggling Seize cargos and arrests ViceAdmiralty Courts – In Nova Scotia Writs of Assistance – Blank search warrants Currency Act 1764
Currency Act 1764 Prohibited colonists from printing paper money Colonists used paper during French and Indian War English Merchants complaining now that war was over Must pay in hard cash – gold and silver Stamp Act 1765
Stamp Act 1765 Purpose of Act – To raise revenue only Tax on Newspapers, pamphlets, almanacs, leases, deeds, wills, contracts, other legal documents – total of 54 items Tax must be paid in Sterling Collects by locals not officials sent from England There will be small protests Colonists – Can Parliament Tax? Stamp Act 1765
Stamp Act 1765 Virtual Representation Members of the House of Commons “virtually” represented the interests of those who lived in the British Empire Colonists disagreed Argued against “Internal Tax” Sons of Liberty formed in Boston Burning in Effigy Stamp Act 1765
Stamp Act 1765 Most effective form of protest NonImportation Agreements Agree not to buy British imports British merchants complaining about loss of revenue 1766 Parliament repeals Stamp Act At same time passes – Declaratory Act Asserted Parliament’s absolute right to legislate for the colonies Townsend (Revenue) Act 1767
Townsend (Revenue) Act 1767 Tax on tea, glass, lead, paper, and printer’s ink Tax to be paid by importer Drop Sugar Act tax from 3 Pence to 1 Pence Part of revenue from this tax went to pay the salaries of royal governors “Power of the pursestrings” Nonconsumption Agreements Daughters of Liberty Boston Massacre Boston Massacre End of 1768 – 3000 British troops sent into Boston British soldiers to augment their meager wages take low paying parttime jobs Puts them into direct competition with locals March 5, 1770 – British soldiers guarding customs house Crowd gathers – starts heckling soldiers Boston Massacre
Boston Massacre British soldiers opened fire 5 killed 8 wounded Captain Preston and 8 soldiers...
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