Argeofthemoralandreligiouslifeof thefamily

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Unformatted text preview: blesome, • • • • uncivilized and in the way Indian Removal Act of 1830 Many tribes will move peacefully Other will be removed by force Cherokee Nation took the State of Georgia to court Worcester vs. Georgia Worcester vs. Georgia • Supreme Court ruled in favor of the Cherokee • “Unquestionable Right” to their land • “Trail of Tears” • Approx. 4,000 out of 15,000 will perish along the way Tariff & Nullification Tariff & Nullification • Tariff 1816­ First protective tariff – 20 to • • • • 25% on imports that could be manufactured here 1824 – Tariff was increased to 33% Several Southern Congressmen start to oppose high tariffs Based on – Reduced the ability of French and British to sell their goods here To make money to purchase southern cotton Tariff & Nullification Tariff & Nullification • 1828 – Tariff raised on some imports as • • • • • high as 50% Tariff of 1828 = Tariff of Abominations South Carolina suffered the most Hurt in part by depressed market for cotton – increased production of lands further west South Carolina blames Tariff of 1828 Actually both­ but do not see it that way Tariff & Nullification Tariff & Nullification • 1828 John Calhoun is Jackson’s running mate • Calhoun is from S.C. – S.C. is hurting – However Calhoun cannot speak out Calhoun thought during the early 19th • century the south would get involved in manufacturing • Did not happen Tariff & Nullification Tariff & Nullification • • • • Calhoun has now become a sectionalist High Tariffs Abolition movement gaining momentum Calhoun will publish a pamphlet anonymously • “The South Carolina Exposition” • Espouses “Nullification and States Rights” Tariff & Nullification Tariff & Nullification • 1832 tariff was revised – lowered some items – but does not help • Calhoun resigns as Vice President • Calhoun accepts election by SC legislature to US Senate • South Carolina legislature declared federal tariffs null and void effective Feb 1, 1833 Tariff & Nullification Tariff & Nullification • Crisis – A state defying the federal govt. • Jackson’s response – Send armed ships into Charleston Harbor • Invade the state and take over collecting the tariff • Congress pushes through “Force Bill” • Defined SC stance as treason and authorized the military action Tariff & Nullification Tariff & Nullification • Henry Clay will work out compromise in Feb 1833 to gradually reduce tariff to 1816 levels • Implied threat behind nullification was secession • South beginning to feel like their way of life was threatened • Fear – If North comes to dominate the federal govt. – might decide to end slavery Second Bank of the United States Second Bank of the United States • Jackson does not like the Bank of US • Felt it was a monopoly held by a few • • • • • wealthy individuals Favored the Eastern elites Nicholas Biddle – Manager of Bank of US Bank’s c...
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This note was uploaded on 09/30/2013 for the course AMH 2010 taught by Professor Adams during the Fall '08 term at University of Central Florida.

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