11.29.07 Thurs - Outline The Critique of modernity Foucault power and knowledge Sexuality and power The repressive hypothesis The Critique of

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The Critique of modernity Foucault: power and knowledge Sexuality and power The repressive hypothesis The Critique of Modernity Enlightenment project Locke, Kant, Parsons, Habermas Modernity more rational, just, democratic order Rational understanding of common good, undistorted by interest and power Making progress towards truth in modern perspective Post Modern Critique Knowledge, power inextricably linked Multiple perspective on truth: shifting, partial, fragmented No grand “march toward progress” Criticized the idea of a steady change in history. “No grand march toward progress” There are multiple perspectives on truth. Changing mechanisms of control and repression ** What are the strengths and weakness of each position? ** Do you agree that we passed modernity into post-modernity. Michel Foucault: 1926-1984 Born and studied in France Studied philosophy, psychology, and psychopathology Wrote about scientific knowledge, mental illness, the penal system, the history of sexuality Concerned with the social construction of Michel Foucault: Power and Knowledge What is power? Foucault says power is NOT Not State coercion (Weber) Not Legal or “rule based” domination (Durkheim) Not just about ideological control (Marx) Rather: power is a multiplicity of forces, strategies, and tactics within a social system Self organizing through “ceaseless struggles and confrontations” Organized in networks, chains, or systems of power. EG: in Rutgers State, governors, political parties, president of university, athletics, deans of colleges, heads of departments, students, etc. Different from Parsons: we have the same actors, but different power relationships at play. Networks, chains, systems of power relationships. These may be crystallized in states, laws, or ideologies.
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SOCIOLOGY 314 taught by Professor Mische during the Fall '07 term at Rutgers.

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11.29.07 Thurs - Outline The Critique of modernity Foucault power and knowledge Sexuality and power The repressive hypothesis The Critique of

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