One attempts to describe the effects of a transaction

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Unformatted text preview: natural for the debit/credit rules to seem confusing. However, the debit/credit rules are inherently logical (the logic is discussed at linked material in the online version of the text). But, memorization usually precedes comprehension. So, you are well advised to memorize the “debit/ credit” rules now. If you will thoroughly memorize these rules first, your life will be much easier as you press forward with your studies of accounting. Download free eBooks at 29 Basics of Accounting & Information Processing Accounts, Debits, and Credits 6.5 Assets/Expanses Dividends As shown at right, these three types of accounts follow the same set of debit/credit rules. Debits increase these accounts and credits decrease these accounts. These accounts normally carry a debit balance. To aid your recall, you might rely on this slightly off–color mnemonic: D-E-A-D = debits increase expenses, assets, and dividends. 6.6 Liabilities/Revenues/Equity These three types of accounts follow rules that are the opposite of those just described. Credits increase liabilities, revenues, and equity, while debits result in decreases. These accounts normally carry a credit balance. INCREASED WITH DEBITS DECREASED WITH CREDITS ASSETS EXPENSES DIVIDENDS Normal Balance is Debit DECREASED WITH DEBITS INCREASED WITH CREDITS LIABILITIES REVENUES EQUITY Normal Balance is Credit your chance Please click the advert to change the world Here at Ericsson we have a deep rooted belief that the innovations we make on a daily basis can have a profound effect on making the world a better place for people, business and society. Join us. In Germany we are especially looking for graduates as Integration Engineers for • Radio Access and IP Networks • IMS and IPTV We are looking forward to getting your application! To apply and for all current job openings please visit our web page: Download free eBooks at 30 Basics of Accounting & Information Processing Accounts, Debits, and Credits 6.7 Analysis of Transactions and Events You now know that transactions and events can be expressed in “debit/credit” terminology. In essence, accountants have their own unique shorthand to portray the financial statement consequence for every recordable event. This means that as transactions occur, it is necessary to perform an analysis to determine (a) what accounts are impacted and (b) how they are impacted (increased or decreased). Then, debits and credits are applied to the accounts, utilizing the rules set forth in the preceding paragraphs. Usually, a recordable transaction will be evidenced by some “source document” that supports the underlying transaction. A cash disbursement will be supported by the issuance of a check. A sale might be supported by an invoice issued to a customer. Receipts may be retained to show the reason for a particular expenditure. A time report may support payroll costs. A tax statement may document the amount paid f...
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