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An effective growth boundary is in place

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Unformatted text preview: of the following is NOT a negative externality associated with suburban sprawl? Assume that suburban residents work downtown. A) Loss of open space B) Increased air pollution due to longer commutes C) Increased noise pollution due to longer commutes D) Increased taxes due to higher agricultural subsidies E) Increased traffic congestion in the region 2 7) Reason for decline of monocentric city? Since the early 1900s, North American cities have become increasingly decentralized. Which of the following is NOT a reason for that increased decentralization? A) The rise of cars and highways. B) The decline in relative importance of rail transport for manufacturers. C) Rising incomes. D) Improvements in telecommunications that now allow office clerical workers to operate from suburban offices. E) An increase in gas taxes over the past 100 years. 8) Over the past 100 years, population in North American cities has become increasingly suburbanized for all of the following reasons EXCEPT: A) Office firms no longer want to locate downtown. B) The rise of cars and good roads have lowered per kilometer commuting costs for workers. C) Manufacturing jobs have moved from the center city toward the suburbs. D) Incomes have risen. E) Crime and racial conflict have driven the middle class out of inner cities (especially in the US). 9) Over the past 100 years, manufacturing has become increasingly decentralized due to I. A shift from horse- drawn wagon to truck transport for local shipping. II. A shift from train transport to truck transport for long- distance shipping. III. Rise of the use of forklifts and heavy assembly lines (which require single- story facilities) in manufacturing. A) I only. B) II only. C) III only. D) II and III only. E) I, II and III. 3 10) Which of the following statements about income segregation is FALSE? A) Tiebout sorting (sorting by different demands for local government services) is likely to contribute to income segregation. B) Income segregation is made worse by exclusionary zoning. C) Income segregation is likely to be greater if local schools are funded with a local property taxes than if local schools are funded with provincial property taxes. D) Nearly all of the racial segregation in Ameri...
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