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Unformatted text preview: ve continual, continuous, contiguous erotic, exotic credible, credulous erupt, disrupt decry, descry euphony, cacophony deduce, deduct fallacious, fallible deﬁcient, defective ﬁctitious, factitious denote, connote further, farther deprecate, depreciate grouchy, grungy dependent, dependant historic, historical derisive, derisory hoard, horde devolve, evolve homogenous, homogeneous digress, regress human, humane www.manhattanreview.com c 1999 - 2008 Manhattan Review Sentence Correction Guide – Grammar Review 29 hypercritical, hypocritical overt, covert inchoate, chaotic peaceful, peaceable induce, indict perspective, perceptive ineligible, illegible perspicacious, perspicuous ingenious, ingenuous precipitate, precipitous insidious, invidious precede, proceed intermediate, intermediary preclude, prelude introspection, retrospection prescribe, proscribe judicial, judicious principle, principal lie, lay prospective, prosperous lightening, lightning raise, rise luxurious, luxuriant reputed, imputed monitory, monetary resource, recourse negligible, negligent salutary, salubrious notable, notorious seasonal, seasonable observance, observation spasmodic, sporadic obtrude, intrude tacit, taciturn ordinance, ordnance temperature, temperament oral, aural temporize, extemporize www.manhattanreview.com c 1999 - 2008 Manhattan Review Sentence Correction Guide – Grammar Review 30 tortuous, torturous
urban, urbane veracious, voracious vocation, avocation If you think you may not know the difference between any of these pairs, or would like to brush up on the meanings of any of these
words, please ask your instructor to clarify them, or look them up in a dictionary before your test date.
Student Notes: 1.9.4 American vs. British Usage American spelling often differs from British usage, but this is not one of the factors tested in the GMAT examination. Examples
• The use of -or instead of British -our, e.g., color, harbor, favor, and the use of -er for -re, e.g., center, ﬁber, theater.
• The ﬁnal or internal e is dropped in ax, acknowledgment, judgment, jewelry. Other modiﬁcations include: plow, wagon, check
(cheque), pajamas, gray, mold, program, draft, marvelous, traveler.
• The double -ll is retained in skillful, fulﬁll, install; the endings -ise, -isation, are written, -ize, -zation.
If such American spelling forms appear in the sentences for correction, no alternatives will be given, so that there is in fact no
Some nouns have given rise to new usages, such as service, and this is acceptable in both American and British English. Others are
not, e.g., suspicion for ‘suspect’. Again, the presence of other forms in the choices given will indicate whether this usage is to be
considered non-standard or not. The word loan is used only as a noun in British English, but is an acceptable verb form in American
Standard American words frequently differ from their British equivalents - www.man...
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