MR-Sentence-Correction-Guide

Perfect simple past simple present simple past

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Unformatted text preview: a foot because she has taken steroids. The bird had flown for miles before it landed. I will be a senator if they vote for me. You will go to the concert if you waited in line. My grandmother will finish the puzzle soon if her dog has not eaten the pieces. The factory will have produced many widgets long before it closes. The factory will have produced many widgets long before it has closed. Do not confuse between the present perfect (“has walked”) and the past perfect (“had walked”). While both verbs convey past action, the present perfect verb actually represents present tense. The future tense makes clear that the dog’s barking is anticipated by the speaker. Signals • Several actions occurring in different time frames. • Multiple tenses. Another example When he phones her, she tells him to stop calling, but he acted as if he had not understood her. (A) she tells him to stop calling, but he acted as if he had not understood her. (B) she told him to stop calling, but he acted as if he had not understood her. (C) she tells him to stop calling, but he acts as if he did not understood her. (D) she tells him to stop calling, but he acts as if he has not understood her. (E) she tells him to stop calling, but he acted as if he does not understand her. www.manhattanreview.com c 1999 - 2008 Manhattan Review Sentence Correction Guide – Sentence Correction 2.3.4 42 Faulty Parallelism Parallelism is the most mathematical of the errors tested on the GMAT. Just as the expressions on each side of an algebraic equation must be equivalent, so too must the parts of speech on either side of a conjunction be the same. By thinking about a conjunction in a sentence as an equal sign, you can identify and correct this error. For example: Which do you like best, to swim, a drive, or jogging? Predicting the correct answer for these types of errors presents some difficulty as often there is more than one way of restating the sentence correctly. For example the previous sentence may be corrected in three different ways: Which do you like best, to swim, to drive, or to jog? Which do you like best, a swim, a drive, or a jog? Which do you like best, swimming, driving, or jogging? Any of the above is correct as long as the words or phrases connected by the conjunction or are the same part of speech. Signals • Items in a list. • Long phrases or clauses connected by a conjunction. Another example Our firm is best suited to undertake the project because we have the financial wherewithal, vast experience undertaking similar projects, and can use our large employee base - all of which is necessary to complete the work on-time and underbudget. (A) the financial wherewithal, vast experience undertaking similar projects, and can use our large employee base - all of which is necessary (B) the financial wherewithal, vast experience undertaking similar projects, and a large employee base - all necessary (C) the financial wherewithal, vast experience undertak...
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This document was uploaded on 09/26/2013.

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