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It is intransitive if the meaning is complete in itself:
The rain falls.
Some verbs may be either transitive or intransitive (meaning that they do not require an object to be complete, but they can take one
to add detail):
I ate pudding. 1.7.2 Active and Passive Voices Transitive verbs may appear in active or passive constructions. In active verb constructions, the subject is directly concerned with
the verbal process; it is the agent:
The hit-man killed my boyfriend.
When an active construction is made passive, the object becomes the subject, and the relationship is reversed, so that the subject is
now acted upon, ‘passive’:
My boyfriend was killed by the hit-man. 1.7.3 Major Tenses You will not have to memorize all of the commonly used tenses for the GMAT, but a quick review of the tenses and their respective
meanings will help you make sense of what can be a confusing topic. www.manhattanreview.com c 1999 - 2008 Manhattan Review Sentence Correction Guide – Grammar Review
(action frequently happening in the present)
(action ongoing at this moment)
(action started previously and completed thus far)
Present Perfect Progressive
(action started previously and ongoing at this moment)
(action completed before another past time)
(action to occur later)
(action ongoing at a later time)
(action regarded as completed at a later time)
Future Perfect Progressive
(action started at a later time and ongoing) 17
He is laughing.
They are laughing.
He has laughed.
They have laughed.
He has been laughing.
They have been laughing.
He had laughed.
They had laughed.
He will laugh.
They will laugh.
He will be laughing.
They will be laughing.
He will have laughed.
They will have laughed.
He will have been laughing.
They will have been laughing. Verbal Tense Examples:
Past Participle: rung
Past Participle: walked
Future: will dance
Past perfect: had danced
Present perfect: have danced
Future perfect: will have danced
Present Progressive: am dancing
Conditional: would dance www.manhattanreview.com c 1999 - 2008 Manhattan Review Sentence Correction Guide – Grammar Review 18 Common Irregular Verbs
Inﬁnitive Participle Part Participle Future Participle
got or gotten
An extensive list of irregular verbs can be found in Helpful Topics. 1.7.4 Indicative, Imperative and Subjunctive Moods Mood is a set of verb forms expressing a particular attitude. There are three main types of mood in English:
⇒ Subjunctive The indicative mood...
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