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Unformatted text preview: s are another, any, anybody, anything, each, either, every, everybody, neither, no
one, nobody, none (not one), etc.; they must be followed by a singular verb, whatever the meaning might indicate:
Not one of the bananas was ripe.
Everybody wanted his or her own way.
Always look back to see what the pronoun refers to; where there is a generalization, it is sometimes tempting to treat a singular as a
Man, in all his glory, has ascended to the top of the food chain. www.manhattanreview.com c 1999 - 2008 Manhattan Review Sentence Correction Guide – Grammar Review 1.3 6 Adjective 1.3.1 Usage An adjective is a descriptive word which qualiﬁes a noun, making it more speciﬁc:
The red car.
The old red car.
The big old red car.
The two young professors lived in Greewich Village.
A bright light ﬂashed through the window of the house.
Adjectives are usually arranged in the order of speciﬁcity. Words normally used to perform other grammatical functions may be
used as adjectives. These can be recognized by their position before the noun to which they apply:
Adjectives can also be used to form a predicate with the verb to be:
Chocolate is yummy.
Normally, only ‘true’ adjectives can be used to form this kind of predicate. It is not possible to say:
Wrong: The cookies were Christmas, or
Wrong: The carnival was spring.
In such cases, it is necessary to use the prop-word, one:
The cookies were Christmas ones.
There are three forms of a ‘true’ adjective.
most beautiful No agreement to noun is necessary for an adjective.
Student Notes: www.manhattanreview.com c 1999 - 2008 Manhattan Review Sentence Correction Guide – Grammar Review 1.4 7 Adverb An adverb is a part of speech used mainly to modify verbs but also adjectives and other adverbs. Adverbs describe how, where or
when. 1.4.1 Adverbial Forms Adverbs are formed in a few different ways:
Most adverbs are formed from adjectives by the addition of the ending “-ly” (as in suddenly, playfully, interestingly) or “-ally” after
words in -ic (as in, automatically).
Some adverbs are formed from nouns in combination with other sufﬁxes: -wise (as in, clockwise, lengthwise) and -ward(s) (as in,
northwards, westwards, skyward).
Some common adverbs have no sufﬁxes, as in: here/there, now, well, just.
Some adverbs can qualify other adverbs (the most common are intensiﬁers, such as very, as in “very quick”).
Some adverbs have the same form as their adjective counterpart, e.g., fast, long, ﬁrst.
Not all words ending in -ly are adverbs: lovely, ungainly, and likely are adjectives. The word only and early may be either. 1.4.2 Adverbial Positions Adverbs modify verbs in the same way adjectives qualify nouns.
The adverb often follows the verb it modiﬁes:
I shouted loudly to my friends across the theater.
Sometimes it precedes the verb:
I really want...
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