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Unformatted text preview: c 1999 - 2008 Manhattan Review Sentence Correction Guide – Grammar Review Frequently Used in America apartment boardwalk bug drapes elevator fall fix a flat garbage can, ashcan gas hardware store mad peek pillow pitcher railroad round trip salesgirl sidewalk sick smokestack 31 Frequently Used in Britain flat promenade insect curtains lift autumn change a tire dustbin petrol ironmonger’s angry peer, glimpse cushion jug used as a verb return trip shop assistant pavement ill, diseased chimney There are many more of these, but as these are not ‘diction’ errors, no alternative version will be given among the multiple choice answers in the Sentence Correction section. Student Notes: 1.9.5 Standard vs. Non-standard Usage There are many American expressions that do not meet standard requirements; most of these are easily recognized, but some may raise doubts. As a general rule, kind of and sort of are to be avoided altogether: I was sort of hurt by that. If used adjectivally - and this would be possible - kind of does not have an article: I thought I saw you with some kind of food. The expression those (these) kind of things is particularily offensive, since kind and sort are singular and would properly be preceded by that or this. Similarly, the ending -s should never be attached to compounds of -where, e.g., somewhere. The -s ending is, however to be found in the compounds of -ways, e.g., always, sideways, longways, lengthways, but anyways and ways are nonstandard forms, as are someway, noway and nohow. Nonstandard also are the expressions can’t seem to, for ‘seem unable to’ and go to, meaning ‘intend’. Any should not be used adverbially: c 1999 - 2008 Manhattan Review Sentence Correction Guide – Grammar Review 32 Wrong: I don’t think I hurt him any. The correct expression is at all. Adjectives should not be used as adverbs: Wrong: We agreed on the specifics some; (use some for ‘somewhat’) Wrong: I thought my plan would sure succeed; (use sure for ‘surely’, ‘certainly’.) Wrong: I noticed a guy who was real cute standing outside; (use real for ‘really’.) Non-standard usages would include verbs used as nouns, as in eats or invite (invitation), prepositions used in conjunctions, or without for ‘unless’: Wrong: I won’t come along without you apologize. or on account for ‘because’: Wrong: I liked him on account he made me toys and things. All should not be followed by of unless a pronoun follows: I hate all those people. I hate all of you! Other nonstandard expressions include: Nonstandard be at both alike bring equally near have a loan of have got human in back of inside of lose out no account, no good no place nowhere near off of out loud outside of over with over with plenty, mighty Standard be either ‘both’ or ‘alike’ take equally borrow have human being behind within lose worthless nowhere not nearly from or completely aloud outside or except ended over very Stu...
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