Unformatted text preview: ed to talk to her.
Sometimes position determines meaning:
I think clearly. (My thinking is clear.)
I clearly think. (It is clear that I think.)
Where emphasis is needed, the adverb may be put ﬁrst, and the verb and subject inverted:
Never have I seen such an ugly dog.
Student Notes: www.manhattanreview.com c 1999 - 2008 Manhattan Review Sentence Correction Guide – Grammar Review 1.5 8 Adverb vs. Adjective 1.5.1 Position and Meaning When adverbs are used to modify adjectives, it is important to work out the relationships between them:
She heard an odd, chilling sound.
She heard an oddly chilling sound.
If one is not careful it is easy to confuse whether a word is an adverb or an adjective, and in either case, which other word it is
modifying in the sentence.
The change from adjective to adverb can change the meaning drastically:
The centaur appeared quick.
The centaur appeared quickly.
In this example when the adjective is used, it appears that the centaur is quick, whereas when the adverb is used, it is the centaur’s
appearance which occurred quickly.
Good vs. well: When used as adjectives, good refers to morality or quality and well refers to health. However, only well can be used
as adverb and good is always an adjective.
I feel good about my work.
I feel well.
I am well.
I’m doing well.
Wrong: I am doing good. 1.5.2 Adverb and Adjective Great care must be taken to align only with the word it actually modiﬁes, because its positioning can affect the meaning of the
I ate some peas only yesterday - I don’t need to eat any today.
I only ate some peas yesterday - I didn’t do anything else.
I ate only some peas yesterday - I didn’t eat anything else.
Only I ate some peas yesterday - nobody else had any.
Early may be both adjective and adverb:
I take the early train.
I get up early to take the train. www.manhattanreview.com c 1999 - 2008 Manhattan Review Sentence Correction Guide – Grammar Review 1.5.3 9 Adjective Only Notice that some verbs may take adjectives to complete the meaning required (complementary adjectives). These verbs cannot
form a complete thought without the required adjectives:
He looks confused today.
The music seemed loud.
Special care must be taken with the adjective likely. It is often mistaken for an adverb because of its form, but this is not an acceptable
usage, for example:
Correct: The Republic is likely to fall.
Wrong: The Republic will likely fall.
Like (used as adjective or preposition)
Like, with its opposite unlike, should be treated as an adjective or a preposition; that is, it must always have a noun to relate to. A
predicate is formed with the verb to be:
Life is like a box of chocolates. (Life resembles a box of chocolates.)
Used in the form of a phrase, like will link two nouns (or noun phrases) of the same kind. In this case, like functions as a preposition,
a phrase-maker, and it is categorized so in some grammar books.
Like any politician, he often told half-truths.
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