Unformatted text preview: into, onto/on to (on to is British English, onto is
American English), out of.
3) complex prepositions: a two- or three-word phrase that functions in the same way as a simple preposition, as in: according to,
as well as, except for, in favor of.
Preposition i.e. pre position. Prepositions always occur before the thing they refer to.
In: I was born in that house. (Here that house is the object of the preposition in)
Prepositional phrases may be adjectival or adverbial, according to what they modify: www.manhattanreview.com c 1999 - 2008 Manhattan Review Sentence Correction Guide – Grammar Review 11 The girl in my science class kissed me.
Here, in my science class qualiﬁes girl, and it is adjectival, but in
The girl kissed me in my science class.
in my science class modiﬁes kissed, indicating where the kiss took place, and it is therefore adverbial.
Between refers to two things only; for more than two, use among.
I sat between two very large people.
We split the loot among the four of us. 1.6.2 Prepositions Frequently Misused You should use prepositions carefully. Some prepositions are used interchangeably and carelessly.
beside vs. besides
beside - at the side of someone or something
Frank stood beside Henry.
besides - in addition to
Besides his Swiss bank account he has many others in Austria.
Exception: some idioms do not refer directly to either direct meaning.
She was beside herself with emotion.
The use of ‘of’
Phrases such as: could of, must of are incorrect forms for could have, must have etc.
between vs. among
Use the preposition among in situations involving more than two persons or things and use between in situations involving only two
persons or things.
The money was divided among the workers.
The money was divided between the two boxers.
at vs. with: usually at a thing but with a person. Exceptions include throw something at somebody with something, be angry at
someone, be pleased with something, and others.
For example, www.manhattanreview.com c 1999 - 2008 Manhattan Review Sentence Correction Guide – Grammar Review 12 I went at Roger with a bat.
What’s wrong with this sentence? Nothing actually, it is grammatically correct. It is simply an odd usage of the prepositions.
Be careful to use the right preposition for the meaning you want; agree with differs in meaning from agree to, compare with is
distinct from compare to, and so on.
The expressions superior to, preferable to and different from are the only standard forms.
Student Notes: 1.6.3 Idioms with Prepositions
a sequence of
in accordance with
be accused of
adhere to, be an adherent of (follower)
be afraid of
agree with (a person/idea)
agree to (a proposal or action)
an instance of
analogy with, analogous to
be attended by (not with)
appeal to (a person)
as a result of
attribute A to B (B is attributed to A)
B www.manhattanreview.com c 1999 - 2008 Manhatt...
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