Unformatted text preview: d instead takes the meaning of
“whether”. This is particularly true with the GMAT. Using “whether” exclusively avoids the possible confusion between different
possible meanings of “if”.
I don’t know if I am ready to take the test now and if I will ever be ready in the future.
I don’t know whether I am ready to take the test now and whether I will ever be ready in the future.
“Despite” is not the same as “Although”. “Despite” means ‘with intention, in the face of an obstacle’.
Despite having 5% of the world’s population, the USA uses 30% of the world’s energy.
Despite his poor education, he succeeded in becoming wealthy. www.manhattanreview.com c 1999 - 2008 Manhattan Review Sentence Correction Guide – Sentence Correction 55 Idiomatic Prepositions:
composed by meaning “created by” vs composed of meaning “made up of”
credit with (not credit to)
differ with (meaning “disagree with”) vs differ from (meaning “be different from”)
discourage from doing something/encourage to do something (from is a preposition here; to is the inﬁnitive here)
prefer to prevent from
Idiomatic Phrases Involving or Omitting “As”
consider x y (not to be y)
regard x as y
think of x as y
view x as y
Idiomatic Phrases Involving or Omitting the Inﬁnitive “to”
Help someone do something
Make someone do something
Enable someone to do something
Forbid x to do y
Words Associated with Subjunctive Mood in “that” Clause
Require that something be (not are/is)
Different Applications Involving “use”
I use a pencil to write.
Used to (to is the inﬁnitive):
I used to teach every night.
Be used to something/doing something (to is preposition):
I am used to challenges.
I am used to being challenged. www.manhattanreview.com c 1999 - 2008 Manhattan Review Sentence Correction Guide – Sentence Correction 56 It + adjective
After verbs such as believe, consider, feel, ﬁnd, think, we can use it + adjective before a “that” clause or the inﬁnitive.
I ﬁnd it impulsive to talk to the CEO directly in an elevator without being introduced.
He felt it dreadful that his wife was diagnosed with anemia. Avoid Run-On Sentence
A run-on sentence consists of two or more main clauses that are run together without proper punctuation. People often speak in
run-on sentences, but they make pauses and change their tone so others can understand them. But in writing, we must break our
sentences into shorter units so that all the readers can understand us.
It is nearly six o’clock we have not gone through all the practice problems yet.
There are several acceptable ways to correct this:
• Insert a semicolon between the clauses:
It is nearly six o’clock; we have not gone through all the practice problems yet.
• Write the two clauses as two separate sentences:
It is nearly six o’clock. We...
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