MR-Sentence-Correction-Guide

To tackle the following is a step by step process

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Unformatted text preview: e wrong. • What is the structure of the sentence? As you read the sentence, try to identify the subject and verb, prepositions, conjunctions, and participles. These parts of speech are associated with the common errors found in Sentence Correction questions. You won’t have to identify the grammatical function of each word, phrase and clause in the sentence, but please just be familiar with the common errors and watch for signals (which we will discuss later) that the question is testing a specific error. (2) Try to predict the correct answer. You may already have an idea of how to correct the sentence. Before you plunge into the answers for the question, try to predict what the correct answer is going to be. For example, in the sentence “Shelly have three items in her pocket,” the correct answer choice is likely to contain the verb “has”. While your ability to predict the correct answer will improve with practice, you will not be able to correctly predict the correct answer choice all the time. (3) Don’t read the first answer choice. Reading the first answer choice is always a waste of your time. You have already read it in the original sentence! The first answer choice is always the same as the underlined portion of the original sentence. Remember that 1 of 5 Sentence Correction questions contain no error. If you think that the original sentence is correct, then go ahead and scan through answers 2-5, but do not become flustered if none of the answers are correct. After all 20% of the Sentence Correction problems need no correction. (4) Scan through the answer choices. Each Sentence Correction problem in the GMAT is created usually with two or three different possible errors where you have to pay attention. The various combinations of these possible errors result in the options you are given. If you have predicted the correct answer, you need only to identify the choice which matches your prediction. Sometimes you will find an exact match, but more often you will be able to narrow the answer choices to two or three. If you were not able to predict the correct answer, look for evidence in the answer choices to determine what is being tested by the question in order to pick the best answer. For example, if more than one answer choice is similar except for a few words, your investigation should begin with the answers that are similar. When you have found the parts of the sentence being varied, look for evidence in the remaining part of the sentence to determine which option to choose. Start with whatever is dictated by the unchanging part of the sentence. For example, if a verb is provided in singular and plural forms, find the subject of the sentence. (5) Eliminate wrong answers. By now, you should have an idea of what answers are grammatically or stylistically incorrect. Eliminate these answers and focus on the differences among the remaining choices. www.manhattanreview.com c 1999 - 2008 Manhattan Review Sentence Correction G...
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