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Unformatted text preview: tanreview.com c 1999 - 2008 Manhattan Review Sentence Correction Guide – Sentence Correction 2.5.2 51 Agreement In grammar, Concord (also known as Agreement) refers to the relationship between units in such matters as number, person, and
gender. Consider the following examples:
• “THEY did the work THEMSELVES” (number and person concord between THEY and THEMSELVES).
• “HE did the work HIMSELF” (number, person and gender concord between HE and HIMSELF).
• If there is no agreement, then grammatical errors occur. Consider the following example:
“The apples is on the table.” (Apples is plural; therefore, for concord to occur, the sentence should read: “The apples are
on the table.”)
A) Number and Person Concord: In Standard English, number concord is most signiﬁcant between a singular and plural subject
and its verb in the third person of the simple present tense:
“That book seems interesting” (singular BOOK agreeing with SEEMS), and
“Those books seem interesting” (plural BOOKS agreeing with SEEM).
Number concord requires that two related units must always both be singular or both be plural.
Both number and person concord are involved in the use of pronouns and possessives, as in “I hurt MYself,” and “MY friends said
THEY WERE COMING in THEIR car.”
B) Gender Concord: Gender concord is an important part of the grammar of languages like German and French. In English, gender
concord does not exist apart from personal and possessive pronouns, such as “Elizabeth injured HERself badly in the accident,” and
“Thomas lost HIS glasses.” These errors are generally couched in a longer sentence, so the test taker is distracted and misses the
C) Subject-Verb Agreement: The easiest kind of trick the GMAT will pull is to give you subjects and verbs that do not agree in
time or in number.
TIP: One of the things you always have to look out for is that the GMAT will throw in lots of extra words to confuse you about what
subject the verb is referring to.
Although the sting of brown honey locusts are rarely fatal, they cause painful flesh wounds.
a. Certain words ending in “s” such as “Diabetes” and “News” are singular.
Other examples include:
two hundred dollars
ﬁve hundred miles
b. Compound subject is plural. Exception: “Romeo and Juliet” is a singular noun when it is referred to as a play.
c. “Each” and “Everyone” are singular. www.manhattanreview.com c 1999 - 2008 Manhattan Review Sentence Correction Guide – Sentence Correction 52 d. Collective nouns are singular.
Common examples include group, audience, etc.
Note that if the subject of a sentence is an entire phrase or clause, you should use a singular verb, regardless of the plural words
inside this phrase or clause.
Networking with professionals certainly helps a lot when you ﬁrst start your career.
e. Indeﬁnite Pronouns are singular.
Examples: each, either, anything, everything,...
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