Lecture 15 (November 1st, 2012)

Out further they said that the longer

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Unformatted text preview: is really important in terms of socialization and in terms of kids establishing their identities? Is it parents or is it peers? So Judith Rich Harris basically said that parents are nothing. It’s all about the peers. She has this group socialization theory that said we learn one set of behaviors inside the home, then we learn other sets of behaviors by living outside of the home. Behaviors inside the home are only relevant inside the home, and it’s outside the home that we learn how to behave outside of it. Her theory was met with a lot of criticism, and it seems clear that both parents and peers play an important role in social development. Your parents can help steer you towards a set of friends, or ban you from bad influences, so both parents and peers are influential in developing our identity. Impact of Divorce: It is associated with lots of negative outcomes – academic problems, social problems. Not all children cope poorly: older children handle it better, socially mature children. Worst than divorce is living in a home that is a high- conflict home with parents fighting all the time. That is associated with more negative outcomes. The downsides of divorce point to the impact on finances. Most of the children are raised by mom, mom has lost most of dad’s income, etc. Gender Identity: Refers to personal beliefs about whether one is male or female. Gender roles: are culturally defined norms that distinguish between male and female characteristics. How people of a certain gender are supposed to behave. These are learned very early on. Gender schemas: are cognitive structures that influence how people perceive the behaviors of females and males. Both biology and the environment clearly play a role in the development of gender identity. A kid, during a circumcision, loses his penis, and in the ‘60s they decide to make him into a biological girl, and they changed his name to Brenda and raised him as a girl, and that did not go very well. Brenda just had tons of trouble going up and she always felt like she was a boy and wanted to do boy things, so finally when Brenda was 15, the parents told him/her what had happened, and she felt relieved, so she decided that she w...
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