Lecture 15 (November 1st, 2012)

Sends a message to your pituitary gland

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: s well as by forming alliances with social groups. Health Effects: Colds: stress weakens the immune system. Heart disease: stress and negative emotions (hostility) can lead to unhealthy behaviors (smoking, overeating), and direct wear- and- tear on the heart. There is Type A behavior pattern and Type B behavior pattern. The key here is hostility. Those with Type A behavior tend to be very achievement oriented and very aggressive and impatient with other people, and so originally, the research associated this behavior pattern leading to greater instances of heart disease, and they realized that hostility is the key thing that is important here. Type B behavior pattern is the easy- going person who is not very aggressive. Coping: Emotion- Focused Coping: You try to prevent negative emotional responses to the stressor. You are trying to minimize that stressful event and you are trying to deal with it and avoid situation the best you can. Attempts to prevent an emotional response to the stressor. • • • This is a more passive coping strategy. For example, avoidance, minimizing the problem, emotional eating. More likely when stressors are perceived as uncontrollable and when stress levels are high. Problem- focused coping: Attempts to deal directly with the stressor to solve the problem. • • • More active coping strategy. For example, generating alternative solutions and choosing from among them. More likely when stressors have an alternative solution. Primary appraisal: you are confronted with a stressor in your environment and you determine whether that’s irrelevant or if it is in fact a stressor. Primary appraisal distinguishes whether something is stressful or not. Secondary appraisal: okay, this is a stressful thing, how am I going to deal with it? It has to do with coping strategies. You have our one individual that says I’m not going to think about it, and another who is going to try to come up with a plan. There are individual differences with how people can deal with stress; this is called hardiness. People who are high in hardiness are: • • Committed to their daily activities, They view threats as challenges or opportunities for growth, and See themselves as being in control. Hardiness is closely related to...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 09/26/2013 for the course PSY 100 taught by Professor Urbszat during the Fall '08 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online