Lecture 15 (November 1st, 2012)

That must be confronted in order to progress

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Unformatted text preview: aving children is another big, key life event that is very important for a lot of adults. It is associated with a decline of marriage satisfaction, and then an increase when the kids leave. Lastly, retirement and heading into old age is important. We have a very aging population. In 1900, it was 5% of the population was 65 and over, by 1950, it was 8%, by 1990 it was 12%, and by 2030, it will be 20%. The good news about aging is that if you survey most older adults, the best majority report being happy and healthy and in good physical condition. Old people have much fewer mental problems overall than young people do, excluding dementia, which is a brain condition in which thinking memory, and behavior deteriorate progressively. In terms of cognitive changes, the big things for older adults are declines in working memory and fluid intelligence. Cognition slows down and the working memory isn't as good as it used to be. Health and Well- Being: Health psychology focuses on the events that affect physical well- being, and applies psychological principles to the understanding of health and well- being. The Biopsychosocial Model: A new approach to understanding health that differs from the traditional health model that is not just focused on biology and gives an active role to the patient itself. We stil have those biological characteristics though, but we also have psychological factors and social conditions. Biological characteristics (genetic predispositions, exposure to germs, brain and other nervous system development) à༎ Psychological factors (thoughts, actions, lifestyles, stress, health beliefs) à༎ Social conditions (environments, cultural influences, family relationships, social support). Can thoughts and beliefs really affect physical health? A good indication of how important our mental health is, is looking at placebo effects. Placebo effect: A drug or treatment, that is unrelated to the particular problem of the person who receives it, may make the person feel better because the person believes the drug or treatment is effective. We know that everything we experience is all in our heads, so anxiety and experience of pain are associated with each other. Effects of common knee surgery for osteoarthritis? There...
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